Johann Georg Rudolphi

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Johann Georg Rudolphi's painting by Prince-Bishop Ferdinand II on the occasion of the foundation of the Franciscan monastery in Paderborn in 1672
Prince-Bishop Rudolphi's depiction of Neuhaus Castle near Paderborn in Ferdinand's "Monumenta Paderbornensia"

Johann Georg Rudolphi (* 1633 in Brakel , Höxter district ; † April 30, 1693 ibid) was an important painter in the Principality of Paderborn .


Rudolphi was born as the second son of the geographer of the same name and his wife Kiliana von Brabeck around 1633 in Brakel. The house where he was born, which was built in 1507, stood on the site of today's Am Thy 2. It cannot be ruled out that Rudolphi also worked artistically in the house where he was born.

He attended the Jesuit school Theodorianum in Paderborn and was in 1649 at the city's university enrolled. Documents about the completion of his studies in 1652 have not been received. There is also no further information about his training as a painter and draftsman or his teacher. It is possible that Rudolphi took inspiration from Anton Willemssens in Antwerp, a pupil of Rubens . Willemssens carried out painting and sculpting work on Paderborn Cathedral together with his brother. Rudolphi's first dated work is from 1654, the last from 1692.

Under the most important Paderborn prince-bishop of the Baroque era, Ferdinand II (1626–1683), Rudolphi was able to develop all his creative powers. It achieved great importance in the small German territory, in particular through numerous altarpieces in the prince-bishopric and the adjacent Corvey, u. a. in Gehrden (1667), Corvey (1674–1677) and Brakel (1683). In Corvey he also designed the baroque interior and the pictorial program of the monastery church executed by Johann Sasse . In the Brakel parish church of St. Michael, he painted four paintings on the only organ wing doors still preserved in North Rhine-Westphalia, which, when open, show the Annunciation and the Adoration by the Shepherds (birth of Christ). When closed you can see the four evangelists.

Rudolphi also left a large number of prints. The most important of these are the templates for 28 copper engravings for the “ Monumenta Paderbornensia ” by Ferdinand II. From 1672.

Rudolphi died on April 30, 1693 in Brakel and was also buried here. The entry in the parish's book of the dead reads: “On April 30th, Mr. Johann Georg Rudolphi died, unmarried, an excellent painter. He was held in high esteem by princes and nobles. "


  • Johann Jakob Merlo:  Rudolphi, Johann Georg . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 29, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1889, p. 577.
  • Johann Georg Rudolphi: Johann Georg Rudolphi 1633–1693. From the practical preservation of monuments - work reports and contributions. Schöningh, Paderborn / Munich / Vienna / Zurich 1979, ISBN 3-506-76175-7 .
  • Dirk Strohmann: Johann Georg Rudolphi 1633–1693. The graphic work. Schöningh, Paderborn / Munich / Vienna / Zurich 1981, ISBN 3-506-76176-5 .

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