Johann Georg Schmidt (theologian)

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Johann Georg Schmidt (born November 27, 1763 in Hamburg , † August 6, 1820 in Kiel ) was a German Lutheran clergyman.

Live and act

Schmidt studied theology in Göttingen and Kiel and obtained his doctorate in Kiel in 1787. phil. From 1787 to 1789 he was a private lecturer in Hebrew, New Testament exegesis and Horace . In 1789 he became a candidate for theology in Glückstadt and on July 24, 1789, he became an adjunct of the philosophical faculty. From 1789 to 1807 he was a preacher in Probsteierhagen . In 1790 he married Catharina Elisabeth Georgina von Negelein. For the school year 1795/96 Schmidt brought the teacher Peter Plett , who had just completed the teachers' seminar in Kiel under the direction of his friend Heinrich Müller , to Probsteierhagen, because he counted him “one of the most capable Müller seminarians”. From 1802 to 1806, the Schmidt couple hired the later theologian Claus Harms as a private tutor for their three children , but he did not get on well with Schmidt and made derogatory comments about his level.

In 1807 Schmidt became chief pastor in Schönberg (Holstein) and remained so until his death in 1820. He died surprisingly when, on the occasion of a stay in Kiel on August 6, 1820, he paid Claus Harms a short courtesy visit, which led Harms to comment: “I didn't fail to remind him of eternity ... just this much, he wasn't very much for it. "

Schmidt made a name for himself when in 1802, as the superior of the teachers in the provost, he campaigned against the prevailing opinion in favor of the cowpox vaccination of children. In the spring of 1802 he carried out this himself on almost 1,000 children of the provost, together with the doctor Dr. Friedrich Adolph von Heinze . Schmidt was inspired by the discoverer of the cowpox vaccination, the teacher Peter Plett, whom he sponsored and whom he was able to win after Probsteierhagen for the school in Laboe and later for the one in Stakendorf .

On January 28, 1813 Schmidt was awarded the Dannebrogorden .


  • Chants for the celebration of the Confirmations act. 1799
  • About the monastery. Probstei Preetz , a contribution to patriotic studies. In: Georg Peter Petersen (Ed.): New Schleswig-Holstein Provincial Reports, 1812, Third Booklet, p. 261ff. (Beginning), fourth issue, p. 405ff. (Continued) and 1813, first issue, p. 8ff. (Decision)
  • My dear school teachers. (Circular letter from Pastor Dr. Johann Georg Schmidt to his teachers on the 1st vaccination day 1.3.1802.) In: Georg Peter Petersen (Ed.): Neue Schleswig-Holsteinische Provinzialberichte , Kiel, 1815, 5th year, p. 83– 88, (Within the article: Where were the first cow leaves inoculated ?; See: Peter Plett )


  • Peter C. Plett: Peter Plett and the rest of the discoverers of the cowpox vaccination before Edward Jenner. In: Sudhoffs Archive , Journal for the History of Science , Volume 90, Issue 2, Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, 2006, pp. 219–232 ( ISSN  0039-4564 )


  1. (* January 27, 1760, † January 23, 1823): Asschenfeldt , in: German Gender Book , Volume 142, p. 17.
  2. ^ Maria Juliane Magdalene Schmidt (* November 22, 1791, † November 18, 1864) married to Christoph Carl Julius Asschenfeldt (* March 5, 1792, † September 1, 1856): German Gender Book , Volume 142, p. 17. Georg Karl Wilhelm Schmidt (* March 17, 1794, † May 11, 1850): Eduard Alberti : Lexicon of the Schleswig-Holstein-Lauenburg and Eutinian writers from 1829 to mid-1866 , Volume 2, p. 342. Ludwig Karl Friedrich Schmidt (* 17. September 1799, † 31 January 1862): Archive for State and Church History of the Duchies of Schleswig , 5th Vol., Johann Friedrich Hammerich , 1843, p. 318 and Friedrich Volbehr : The Clergy of the Holstein General Superintendentur from 1848 to 1871 , Kiel 1872 , P. 54.
  3. Riddere, (4th class), Kongelig dansk hof- og statskalender for aar 1817 , Carl Friderich Schubart, Kiöbenhavn [1818], p. 32.