José do Patrocínio

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Brazilian writer and slavery opponent José do Patrocínio

José Carlos do Patrocínio (born October 9, 1853 or October 8, 1854 in Campos dos Goytacazes , in today's state of Rio de Janeiro , † January 30, 1905 in Rio de Janeiro ) was a Brazilian journalist , writer , publisher and political activist .


Visually recognizable as a person with colored ancestors, his abolitionist writings made him an outstanding figure in the anti-slavery movement in Brazil from 1879 onwards. Patrocínio wrote the declaration of political goals and intentions, which was made public in 1883 as the Manifesto da Confederação Abolicionista .

His novels, stories and satires, on the other hand, are hardly known today. The work Patrocínios comprises three novels, of which Mota Coqueiro ou A pena de morte (1887) is the most widely read.

Between 1887 and 1893 he published and also wrote under a pseudonym for the magazine A Cidade do Rio, whose publication Patrocínio ultimately had to stop because of a publication ban.


  • 1875: Os Ferrões . bi-weekly satirical paper, 10 issues, in collaboration with Dermeval Fonseca.
  • 1887: Mota Coqueiro or A pena de morte . Novel.
  • 1879: Os retirantes . Novel.
  • 1883: Manifesto da Confederação Abolicionista . political manifesto.
  • 1884: Pedro Espanhol . Novel.
  • 1885, 17 de mayo: Conferencia pública , conference contribution.
  • no year: Associação Central Emancipadora . 8 newsletters.


  • Nelson Werneck Sodré: (1969), História da literatura brasileira: Seus fundamentos econômicos . Rio de Janeiro: Editôra Civilização Brasileira.
  • Mechtild Strausfeld (ed.): (1984), Brazilian literature . Frankfurt am Main. Suhrkamp Verlag. ISBN 3-518-38524-0
  • José Veríssimo: (1969), História da literatura brasileira: De Bento Teixeira (1601) a Machado de Assis (1908) . Rio de Janeiro: Livraria José Olympio Editôra.

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