Joseph Friedrich Schelling

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Joseph Friedrich Schelling (born August 13, 1737 in Unterweissach ; † October 5, 1812 in Maulbronn ) was a Protestant clergyman, orientalist, and father of the philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling .


Josef Schelling, the father of Joseph Friedrich Schelling, was a pastor near Backnang, but died in Wildbad in 1738. Schelling was supposed to study theology and attended the monastery schools in Herbrechtingen, Denkendorf and Maulbronn from 1752 to 1756, then from 1756 to 1758 the scholarship in Tübingen , which he completed with the degree of a master's degree. From then on he had a special interest in the oriental languages. A study trip after completing his studies is not documented, and information about his further life and teaching activities can only be found a little.

In 1766 he became a repetitionist in Tübingen, later city vicar in Stuttgart and at the same time court master in the family of court preacher Johann Christian Storr , where he also worked with Gottliebin Marie Cleß (1746–1818), the daughter of the Stuttgart pastor Wilhelm Jeremias Cleß and the Regina Dorothea Rieger, Daughter of Georg Konrad Rieger , met his wife. The wedding took place on November 12, 1771 in Stuttgart. From 1771 to 1777 he was the successor to the deposed Gottlob Christoph Paulus deacon in Leonberg, then from 1777 to 1791 professor at the monastery school in Bebenhausen , in 1791 he became dean in Schorndorf, in 1801 prelate in Murrhardt, 1807 prelate and general superintendent in Maulbronn.

Theologically he was close to those who engaged in intensive Bible study around Johann Albrecht Bengel , whose apocalyptic views, however, the sober Schelling did not share. The historical-critical approach of Bengel is unmistakable in Schelling's writings. Schelling was familiar with classical literature and mastered the Arabic, Syrian and Hebrew languages. He was considered a good observer and influential teacher at the seminary. In addition to his son Friedrich Wilhelm, his students also included Georg Christian Storr, Johann Friedrich Gaab , Heinrich Paulus , the son of his predecessor in Leonberg, and above all Christian Friedrich Schnurrer . In Württemberg he was one of the first to represent the philological and hermeneutical principles of Michaelis. Nothing is known about his life during the war at the turn of the century and his activities in the state and church in Württemberg at that time. Schelling died of an abdominal infection .

From the happy marriage with his wife, in addition to the second eldest son, the philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling , a daughter named Beate Johanna (* December 28, 1776) and the sons Gottlieb Heinrich (* June 21, 1778; † before 1812), officer in Austrian service, August Ludwig (born March 17, 1781 in Bebenhausen; † 1860 in Stuttgart), dean in Marbach, and Karl Eberhard (born January 10, 1783; † May 9, 1855 in Stuttgart), doctor and senior medical officer. Two other sons, Johann Heinrich (1773–1777) and Gottfried Ludwig (1789–1790), died in childhood.

The correspondence with his parents was preserved from his second oldest son, he was married by his father on June 26, 1803 in Murrhardt, his wife Caroline Schelling died on September 7, 1809 in the house of his in-laws and was buried in Maulbronn.

Works (selection)

Schelling worked at the Württemberg summaries and in Eichhorn, Repertory for Biblical and Oriental Literature , Part 10, 1782 and Part 17, in 1785 an essay was published by him.

  • De simplicibus eorumque diversis speciebus , dissertation, Tübingen 1758
  • An ex vaticiniis Veteris Testamenti probari possit quaedam generalis Judeorum conversio , dissertation, Tübingen 1761
  • Treatises on the Use of the Arabic Language . Stuttgart 1771.
  • Descriptio codicis manuscripti hebraeobiblici in bibliotheca consistorii Wirtenbergici , ( Cod. Bibl. Fol. N. 1 of the public library in Stuttgart) Stuttgart 1775
  • Animadversiones in loca difficiliora Jesaiae , Study, Lips. 1799


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Arndt gives the dates of life in the BBKL differently as 1735–1812, see
    Martin Arndt:  SCHELLING, Friedrich Wilhelm (von) Joseph. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 9, Bautz, Herzberg 1995, ISBN 3-88309-058-1 , Sp. 104-138.
  2. According to Arndt, BBKL