Karl Kreil

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Karl Kreil, lithograph by Adolf Dauthage , 1855

Karl Kreil (born November 4, 1798 in Ried im Innkreis in Upper Austria, † December 21, 1862 in Vienna ) was an Austrian astronomer and meteorologist .

Kreil first studied law and astronomy at the University of Vienna and was then an assistant at the Milan observatory between 1826 and 1830 . In 1838 he was adjunct and from 1845 director of the observatory of the Prague Clementinum .

In July 1851 Kreil was appointed director of the Central Institute for Meteorology and Geomagnetism he was to set up in Vienna. At the same time he was appointed full professor for physics at the University of Vienna . Kreil carried out studies on the earth's magnetic field in particular , the results of which he mostly published in specialist journals. He published his observations on comets in the Cenni storici e teoretici sulle comete (Milan 1832), Observations on the Great Comets of 1843 (Prague 1843) and On the Nature and Movement of Comets (Prague 1843). He also published writings on the influence of the moon on the earth . Kreil was in intensive correspondence with Carl Friedrich Gauss .

Karl Kreil died in Vienna on December 21, 1862. His estate is kept at the University of Vienna.

In 1841 Kreil was elected a corresponding member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences .

In 1905 the Kreilplatz in Vienna- Döbling (19th district) was named after him, on March 9th 2001 the asteroid (6597) Kreil .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Daniela Hermetinger, Gauß am Werk , article in the online university newspaper
  2. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 139.