A carcinoma , Latin carcinoma , also Carcinom [ kartsiˈnoːm ] (from the Greek καρκίνος karkínos , "cancer", and karkínoma , "cancerous disease"), abbreviated Ca , is a cancer that starts from cells in the covering tissue of the skin or mucous membrane ( epithelium ) . More precisely, it is an ectodermal or entodermal neoplasm; this results in a further differentiation depending on the type of degenerated epithelium. Most carcinomas arise from the squamous epithelium (Squamous cell carcinoma or squamous carcinoma) or from the glandular epithelium ( adenocarcinoma ). Primary lymphogenic metastasis is particularly common in carcinomas.
Carcinomas make up around 80% of all malignant tumors . The stage is described with the TNM classification . Surgical removal, radiation and chemotherapy, and in the very early stages superficial ablation can be used as therapy. The alternative medical spelling is carcinoma .
- Anal cancer
- Bronchial carcinoma
- Endometrial carcinoma (uterine lining; also known as body carcinoma)
- Gallbladder carcinoma
- Liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC))
- Testicular cancer ( testicular cancer )
- Colorectal cancer
- Throat cancer (laryngeal cancer )
- Esophageal cancer
- Gastric cancer
- Breast cancer (breast cancer)
- Kidney cancer (kidney cancer )
- Ovarian cancer
- Pancreatic tumor
- Pharyngeal cancer
- Prostate cancer (prostate cancer)
- Thyroid cancer (thyroid cancer)
- Cervical cancer
- William C. Shiel: Medical Definition of Carcinoma. In: MedicineNet. November 12, 2018, accessed October 5, 2019 .