Children's home AS Makarenko

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The AS Makarenko children's home is a children's home opened in 1953 in the Johannisthal district of Berlin in Treptow-Köpenick . It was a normal children's home and later an auxiliary school home in the system of children's homes of youth welfare in the GDR . Due to its capacity for 600 children, it was the largest children's home in the GDR .

Wall painting in the entrance area



On May 30, 1952, Friedrich Ebert junior and Herbert Fechner laid the foundation stone for the new main children's home of the Magistrate of East Berlin in Berlin's Königsheide . After 18 months of construction, the official inauguration took place on December 2, 1953. In its early years, the facility, designed as a normal children's home, mainly took in children whose parents could not look after them due to the effects of the Second World War . On November 30, 1968, the home previously known as a children's home in the Königsheide was given the name AS Makarenko . From September 1, 1981, only children in care homes with auxiliary school status were accepted. The two school buildings on the home grounds were converted from a polytechnic high school into an auxiliary school. After the reunification of Germany it became the sponsorship of the youth development organization. In 1995 the facility was converted into a social educational youth center (SPJZ) until it was closed at the end of March 1998. For many decades there was a close partnership with the Children's Town of Fót in Hungary ( Gyermekváros Fót ). The children's home was also a member of FICE . In the early years of the facility, extensive expansions with leisure facilities were carried out as part of the National Construction Works (NAW). The children's home also had its own holiday camps in Prieros and Kastaven at different times.


  • 1953–1965: Günter Riese
  • 1965–1972: Dr. Siegfried Graupner
  • 1972–1975: Ruth Dreßler
  • 1975–1981: Horst Binder
  • 1983–1984: Irene Kompass
  • 1987–1988: Hans-Joachim Spielmann
  • from 1989: Achim Rebbig
  • until 1998: Michael Hütte


Todays use

Memorial plaque at the entrance area

The site has been used as a residential park since 2016. On September 29, 2018 the information and meeting center Königsheide , IBZ Königsheide for short, opened in the entrance area of ​​the residential park , which also sees itself as an international research and documentation center for home education.


Web links

Commons : Children's home AS Makarenko  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files


Individual evidence

  1. https: //königsheider-eichhö

Coordinates: 52 ° 27 ′ 20.2 "  N , 13 ° 29 ′ 59.9"  E