The Hájek Monastery (German Waldl , also Waldel , Latin Sacra silva ) is a Franciscan monastery in the Czech Republic . It is located one and a half kilometers east of Červený Újezd in the single layer Hájek.
The monastery is located north of the road from Červený Újezd to Břve in the center of a walled grove surrounded by fields and meadows with an approximately rectangular floor plan, from which its name is derived. The core of the complex is a five-wing structure with a Loreto chapel around a large inner courtyard. The Loreto Chapel is the starting point of the 14 km Loreto Trail that leads to Prague's Loreto . The painting of St. Franz Seraph is a work by Peter Johann Brandl . The monastery has been protected as a cultural monument since 1958. The monastery is open to the public by prior arrangement and on religious holidays.
In 1589, the owner of the Roth-Augezd , Genč and Hostiwitz estates , Gothard Florian Žďárský von Žďár (1542–1604) had a forest planted in the middle of the farmland east of Roth-Augezd. The area surrounded by a wall and measuring 350 × 270 m was initially used by the Žďárský von Žďár family as a stately game reserve.
Jan František Beckovský reported that the grove had become a refuge for birds that destroyed the harvest in a wide area. At the prayers of the injured residents, the bird plague was destroyed forever by a violent summer storm.
Gothard Florian's grandson, Franz Theoderich Zdiarsky von Saar (1598–1653), Lord of Kladno , Tachlowitz , Roth-Augezd, Genč, Hostiwitz, Gettersdorf , Witschitz and Saar left after returning from a pilgrimage to Loreto in accordance with his vow in thanks for them Birth of a son and the benevolence of Emperor Ferdinand I to build one of the first Loreto chapels in Bohemia by waiving his sentence for participating in the uprising in the Waldel. The foundation stone was laid on June 12, 1623, after two years of construction, the chapel was consecrated to the Blessed Virgin Mary of Loreto by the Prague Archbishop Ernst Adalbert von Harrach on June 2, 1625 . The chapel was looked after by a hermit. The chapel became a popular place of pilgrimage and inspired the building of Prague's Loreto. In 1630, Franz Theoderich Zdiarsky Imperial Count of Saar had the original chapel torn down and replaced with a replica of the basilica from the Holy House in Loreto . His heart was buried in the crypt in front of the high altar of the chapel.
Franz Theoderich's first-born son and heir Franz Adam Euseb Zdiarsky Imperial Count of Saar (1623–1670) founded a Franciscan monastery near the chapel in 1659, initially with four monks. The planning and construction was carried out by the builders Carlo Lurago and Giovanni Domenico Orsi de Orsini . The costly construction took 14 years; During the construction period, a room was set up in it for the client, who often lived in it. Franz Adam Euseb Zdiarsky von Saar did not live to see the completion of the monastery in 1673. After his death, with which the imperial line of the Zdiarsky von Saar expired, his five daughters financed the continuation of the work from the income from the family estates of the Žďárský von Žďár and with the support of Count Martinic , the family of his wife Elisabeth Korona von Martinic, who died young ( 1603 / 4-1649). In 1699 the wall around the Waldel was renewed.
With the help of donors , the Loreto Trail was built between the Waldel monastery and the Prague Loreto with 20 niche chapels between 1720 and 1726. According to an estimate by the archbishopric chancellery, 60,000 pilgrims visited the Loreto Chapel in Waldel in 1722. In 1742, Sergeant General Franz Graf von Olivieri , who died in the First Silesian War near Motol on August 14, was buried in the Franciscan crypt. In 1844, the one-layer Waldel ( Hájek ) enrolled in the village of Roth-Augezd ( Tachlowitz rule ) in the Rakonitz district consisted of a Franciscan monastery, a Loreto chapel and an inn. The parish was Swarow .
In 1950 the monastery was under the action K dissolved. Until 1953 it served as a collection point for church people. After that, the monastery buildings were used as a warehouse by the army. After the Velvet Revolution , the monastery was resumed in the 1990s. However, the lack of financial resources of the Franciscans for the necessary renovation of the monastery buildings as well as the still existing separation of the forest surrounding the monastery from the property consisting only of the monastery buildings are difficult for its continued existence.
- klášter sv. Františka ÚSKP 36769 / 2-482 in the monument catalog pamatkovykatalog.cz (Czech).
- Johann Gottfried Sommer : The Kingdom of Bohemia, Vol. 13 Rakonitzer Kreis , 1845, p. 235