Kolar (city in Karnataka)
|Height :||840 m|
|Area :||26.56 km²|
|Residents :||138,462 (2011)|
|Population density :||5213 inhabitants / km²|
Kolar is located in the southeast of Karnataka, approx. 66 km east of the capital Bangalore (Bengaluru) not far from the border with the neighboring state of Andhra Pradesh . The city is the administrative center of the Kolar District . Kolar is located on the national highway NH 4 from Chennai via Bangalore to Mumbai . The nearest train station is in Bangarpet , around 15 km away, and the nearest airport in Bangalore . Because of the altitude, the climate is moderate by Indian standards.
Hindus make up the majority of the population with approx. 51%, 46% are Muslims and approx. 2% are Christians; the rest is made up of Jains, Buddhists and the like. a. The male and female parts of the population are numerically about the same.
Kolar was originally known as Kuvalala . Until about the 4th century the city was the capital of the Ganga kings. In the 11th century Kolar was conquered by the Cholas . The city later came under the rule of the Hoysala kings, the Vijayanagar empire and the Sultanate of Bijapur , before it was conquered by the British in 1768 . After the end of the Mysore Wars , the British Kolar returned to the Kingdom of Mysore , now a nominally independent princely state under British sovereignty. After Indian independence in 1947, Kolar and Mysore joined the Indian Union.
The main attractions of Kolar are the Kolaramma and Someswara temples. The Someswara Temple was built in the 15th century and represents the Vijaynagar style, while the Kolaramma Temple, dedicated to the local goddess of the city, was founded by the Chola King Rajendra I in the 11th century .