Kolar (district)

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District ಕೋಲರ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆ
District map
State Karnataka
Division : Bangalore
Administrative headquarters : Kolar
Area : 4,011 km²
Residents : 1,540,231 (2011)
Population density : 384 inhabitants / km²
Website : kolar.nic.in

The Kolar District ( Kannada : ಕೋಲರ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆ ) is a district of the Indian state of Karnataka . The administrative center is the eponymous city of Kolar .


Landscape in the Kolar District

The Kolar District is located in the southeast of Karnataka on the border with the states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu . Neighboring districts are Bengaluru Rural in the west, Chikballapur in the northwest (both belong to Karnataka), Chittoor (Andhra Pradesh) in the east and Krishnagiri (Tamil Nadu) in the south.

The Kolar District has an area of ​​4,011 square kilometers. The landscape consists of a plateau in the southernmost part of the Dekkan Plateau, through which the Palar River flows. The Kolar District is divided into the five taluks Kolar, Bangarapet, Malur, Mulbagal and Srinivaspur.


Mine in the Kolar Gold Fields

During the British colonial period , the Kolar district belonged to the princely state of Mysore . After Indian independence, Mysore joined the Indian Union in 1949. When the Indian states were reorganized according to the language borders by the States Reorganization Act in 1956 , the Kolar district came to the Kannada-speaking state of Mysore, which was renamed Karnataka in 1973, despite its predominantly Telugu- speaking population because of its proximity to Bangalore . In 2007, the northern part of Kolar District split off as Chikballapur District .

During the colonial era, the British began to exploit the rich gold deposits in the Kolar Gold Fields towards the end of the 19th century . The mines gave the area an economic boost and a strong population increase. At times, a large part of Indian gold was mined in the Kolar district. In 2003 the gold mining was finally stopped because the deposits were largely exhausted and the production was no longer profitable.


According to the 2011 census, the Kolar district has 1,540,231 inhabitants. Between 2001 and 2011, the population grew by 11.0 percent and thus slightly lower than the average in Karnataka (15.7 percent). The population density of 384 people per square kilometer is above the state average (319 people per square kilometer). 31.4 percent of Kolar's residents live in cities. The degree of urbanization is thus slightly lower than the mean value in Karnataka (38.6 percent). At 74.3 percent, the literacy rate is slightly below the state average (76.1 percent).

According to the 2001 census, the Hindus make up the vast majority of the inhabitants of the Kolar district in its former borders (including today's Chikballapur district) with 86.6 percent. For Islam to 11.8 percent of the population known Christians presented with 1.3 percent a small minority. The Indian census classified 8.1 percent of the population of the district as members of the tribal population (see. Adivasi ). These are almost exclusively members of the Naikda .

The most widely spoken language in the Kolar district, like in the neighboring state of Andhra Pradesh, is Telugu , which, according to the 1991 census, was spoken by 46.8 percent of the district's residents as their mother tongue. Kannada , the main language of Karnataka, only follows in second place with 32.2 percent. As in most parts of Karnataka, Urdu is common among Muslims (11.3 percent). There is also a larger minority of Tamil speakers (7.9 percent), mostly descendants of Tamil Nadu migrant workers who immigrated to the Kolar Gold Fields. Urdu has the status of an associated official language in the Taluk Kolar of the Kolar district due to the high proportion of its speakers in the population.


The following list also includes those cities that have belonged to Chikballapur District since 2007:

city Population
Bagepalli 20,120
Bangarapet 38,684
Chikballapur 54,938
Chintamani 65,456
Gauribidanur 30,530
Gudibanda 8,794
Kolar 113,299
Malur 27,791
Mulbagal 44,031
Robertsonpet 141.294
Sidlaghatta 41,105
Srinivaspur 22,926

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Report of the States Reorganization Commission, New Delhi 1955, p. 93.
  2. Census of India 2011: Provisional Population Totals: Data Sheet (PDF; 1.7 MB) and Population and decadal growth rate by residence Persons. (PDF; 1.3 MB)
  3. ^ Census of India 2001: Basic Data Sheet. District Kolar (19), Karnataka (29). (PDF; 54 kB)
  4. ^ Kolar District Gazetteer, 2005, p. 159. (In Kannada). ( Memento of the original from January 13, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 278 kB) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.karunadu.gov.in
  5. AR Fatihi: "Urdu in Karnataka", in: Language in India 2: 9 December of 2002.
  6. Census of India 2001: Population, population in the age group 0-6 and literates by sex - Cities / Towns (in alphabetic order) ( Memento from June 16, 2004 in the Internet Archive )

Web links

Commons : Kolar  - collection of images, videos and audio files
  • District website
  • The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Volume 15: Karāchi to Kotāyam. New edition. Clarendon Press, Oxford 1908, pp. 368–376 , keyword: Kolār District .