District Office (Nassau)
After the March Revolution in 1848, the administration was reorganized. By law of April 4, 1849, administration and jurisdiction were separated at a lower level in Nassau. The reform came into effect on July 1, 1849. Ten district offices were established for the administration, the offices continued as judicial offices (i.e. courts of first instance). The supervision of the district offices was with the Ministry of the Interior, that of the judicial offices with the Ministry of Justice.
- District Office Hachenburg
- Hadamar District Office
- Herborn district office
- District Office Höchst
- District Office Idstein
- District Office Langen-Schwalbach
- District Office Limburg
- Nassau District Office
- District Office Rüdesheim
- District Office Wiesbaden
At the head of the district office stood a district administrator (that was the name of the district administrator ) with a district secretary as a representative. In addition to the appointed district administrator, an elected district council was first set up.
However, the reform was reversed on October 1, 1854, the districts were abolished and the offices restored.
The separation of judiciary and administration was a core liberal demand that was addressed after the March Revolution. The March government of Hergenhahn was commissioned to present a draft law for a new regulation. The draft, which was presented to the meeting of the estates on December 13, 1848 , provided for the establishment of 9 districts.
- Office Dillenburg and Office Herborn
- Office Hachenburg , Office Marienberg and Office Rennerod
- Office Selters , Office Montabaur and Office Wallmerod
- Office Hadamar , Office Limburg , Office Diez and Office Runkel
- Office Weilburg , Office Usingen and Office Reichelsheim
- Office Idstein , Office Wehen and Office Langen-Schwalbach
- Office Naststätten , Office Nassau , Office St. Goarshausen and Office Braubach
- Office Koenigstein , Office maximum and Office Hochheim
- Office, Wiesbaden , Office Eltville and Office Rudesheim
The proposal was controversial. The members of parliament Ludwig Born and Jost Schmidt worked out an alternative draft, the version that was later adopted, which was approved in the first reading on January 18, 1849. The discussion about the administrative reorganization led to a large number of petitions to parliament. Many places tried to become the seat of the judiciary or district office themselves. Arguments of easy accessibility, the availability of vacant buildings, the tradition as Nassau residence or the burden of the absence of other authorities were presented.
Above all, the question of official seats was discussed in Parliament. Such was Usingen and Camberg to Idstein , Geisenheim and Kaub against Rudesheim , Diez from Limburg and Biebrich against Wiesbaden . Ultimately, however, all amendments were rejected and the draft by Born / Schmidt was approved on February 6, 1849 in a second reading with a 3/4 majority.
- Thomas Klein: Volume 11: Hessen-Nassau, the series: Walther Hubatsch: Outline of German Administrative History 1815-1945, 1979, ISBN 3-87969-126-6 , pp. 128–129, 142–144
- Norbert Zabel: Spatial authority organization in the Duchy of Nassau, Diss., 1980, ISBN 3-922244-39-4 , p. 123 ff.
- Law of April 4, 1849 (VBl p. 87); Law, the execution of the law on the separation of the administration of justice from the administration in the lower instance on May 31, 1849, (VBl p. 409)
- Law of July 24, 1854 (Bvl. P. 160)