Crime prevention

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Crime prevention serves to prevent illegal acts. A distinction is made between universal (i.e. primary or general), situational or selective (also: secondary) and indicated (also: tertiary or post-incidental) prevention as well as perpetrator , situation and victim-related prevention.

The terms primary , secondary and tertiary prevention suggest a gradation and should no longer be used, since modern criminology is most likely to understand the pattern of selective or indicated prevention as crime prevention.

The programs developed by the federal states to combat the delinquency of threshold criminals are of particular importance, as is the professional training for crime prevention specialists funded by the European Union .

Preventive measures

For the measures in particular, see the table below.

Table according to Meier universal or social or primary prevention selective or situational or secondary prevention indicated or tertiary prevention

Within the framework of criminal law, general prevention and special prevention are used as justifications for the punishment . Tertiary prevention is carried out under the aspects of deterrence, improvement and security. An effective concept here are youth stations, as they were set up in Gera . The police , juvenile court assistance and the public prosecutor's office work together in a separate building. The aim of this cross-agency cooperation is an appropriate response, which is immediate, educational and preventive.

Fear of crime

Politics and the media contribute to at least a distorted picture of the extent of crime in Germany. The fear of criminal offenses is increasingly responded to with crime prevention.

See also


  • Beelmann, Andreas & Raabe, Tobias (2007). Dissocial behavior of children and adolescents: manifestations, development, prevention and intervention. Göttingen: Hogrefe. ISBN 3-8017-2041-1 .
  • Stein, Stefan (2005): Field-active crime prevention - theory, practice, evaluation, project management. Cologne: WiKu-Verlag. ISBN 3-86553-065-6 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Wiebke Steffen : Expert opinion on the 14th German Prevention Day , Hanover 2009, p. 48: .
  2. cf. For example for Lower Saxony: Combating child and youth delinquency ( Memento from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Joint circular of Lower Saxony Ministries Nds.MBl. No. 34/2009, p. 751.
  3. Bernd-Dieter Meier : Kriminologie , 4th edition Munich 2010, § 10 Rn. 17th