LVR Clinic Bedburg-Hau
|LVR Clinic Bedburg-Hau|
|Sponsorship||Regional Association of Rhineland|
|Medical Director||Anita Tönnesen-Schlack|
|Care level||Specialized hospital|
|areas of expertise||
|Annual budget||approx. € 100 million|
|founding||4th July 1912|
Construction of the site began in 1908. This first phase was completed in 1912 with 90 buildings. The official inauguration was on July 4, 1912. The facility was christened 8th Provincial Sanatorium . It was one of the largest hospitals / clinics in Europe at the time.
It soon became clear that there wasn't enough accommodation. For this reason, the construction of the isolation house for patients with infectious diseases began in 1928 .
time of the nationalsocialism
Numerous patients from Bedburg-Hau were also forcibly sterilized on the basis of the “ Law for the Prevention of Hereditary Offspring ” passed in 1933 . According to an overview from 1936, 705 patients from Bedburg-Hau had been rendered sterile at the time, and sterilization was requested for hundreds more.
In the course of the National Socialist murders that began in 1939 , a number of patients in the sanatorium, around 2300 in total, were transferred to other institutions to be murdered there. The first 356 patients from Bedburg-Hau were relocated in September 1939 in order to make room for a Wehrmacht hospital. In March 1940, over 1,600 patients were transferred from Bedburg-Hau within just four days, including to the Grafeneck and Brandenburg killing centers and to the Zwiefalten interim center belonging to Grafeneck . The relocation of patients should make room for the establishment of a marine hospital. Between May 6, 1941 and August 27, 1941, 157 people from Bedburg-Hau were transferred to the Galkhausen asylum , from where most of them were taken to the Hadamar killing center for murder . Patients from Bedburg-Hau were also murdered in Meseritz-Obrawalde .
Hermann Wesse was one of the doctors involved in 1939/40 . In October 1944, the director Arthur Trapet complained to the State Medical Councilor Walter Creutz that the NSDP district leadership was not providing him with any means of transport for the removal of 50 elderly people. Only sick people who were needed as auxiliary personnel for the naval hospital set up there had survived at Bedberg-Hau. In January 1945 the last patients were reported for removal.
Towards the end of the war, the Allies use the site as an internment camp.
post war period
In 1950 the clinics were renamed the state hospital . A publicly accessible museum with several rooms reminds of this time and later developments.
The Regional Association of the Rhineland (LVR) took over in 1952, the ownership of the hospital. Modernization began in the 1960s and houses such as today's Wadtbergklinik and Förenbachklinik were built.
1912 Provincial sanatorium and nursing home
1950 State sanatorium
1960 Rheinisches Landeskrankenhaus
1978 Rheinische Landesklinik
1997 Rheinische Kliniken Bedburg-Hau
2008 LVR-Klinik Bedburg-Hau
The facility, which is sponsored by the Landschaftsverband Rheinland (LVR), has around 950 beds, of which only around 260 beds are on the clinic premises, the rest is distributed among outdoor living groups, day clinics and the like. About 1700 people are employed at the LVR-Klinik Bedburg-Hau. This includes not only nurses and nurses, but also the employees of numerous craft businesses such as carpenters and joineries, commercial employees, truck drivers, gardeners and many more. The LVR clinic also provides training in these professions.
The site is freely accessible, although there are closed stations. It consists of many individual houses (approx. 100) and has a size of around 80 hectares. In the beginning, the LVR clinic was designed for complete self-care. Today only the own power plant for electricity and heat production is left.
- List of psychiatric hospitals in North Rhine-Westphalia
- List of delivery institutions to the Grafeneck Nazi killing center
- Tour: Room 1 - LVR Clinic Bedburg-Hau. Retrieved February 5, 2020 .
- Ernst Klee : German Medicine in the Third Reich. Careers before and after 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2001, ISBN 3-10-039310-4 , p. 88.
- Eckart Roloff and Karin Henke-Wendt: From the open door to transport to death - and then reforms. (The museum of the LVR-Klinik Bedburg-Haus) In: Visit your doctor or pharmacist. A tour through Germany's museums for medicine and pharmacy. Volume 1, Northern Germany. Verlag S. Hirzel, Stuttgart 2015, pp. 102-104, ISBN 978-3-7776-2510-2 .
- LVR-Klinik Bedburg-Hau: About us .