Laurenz Mefferdatis

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Laurenz Mefferdatis (* 2 September 1677 in Aachen ; † 20th September 1748 ) was a German architect of the Baroque period , who worked mainly in Aachen.

life and work

Laurenz Mefferdatis was born as the son of the stonemason Stephan Mefferdatis during a period of reconstruction in the city ​​of Aachen, which was completely destroyed by a fire in 1656 . He learned his father's profession and also apprenticed to his father for four years. After the father's death in 1699, Laurenz Mefferdatis's request to employ him as a council stone cutter was given in by the city council, subject to conditions. In the period that followed, Mefferdatis carried out work for the city council as well as for private clients. From 1710 to 1744 he was the first city ​​architect known by name in Aachen. Already at a young age he was entrusted with complex work such as the renewal of the vaults of the Nikolauskirche and the surveying of the bath houses on the Büchel as well as the reconstruction of the bath vaults of the cancer bath in Burtscheid . In 1711 Mefferdatis married Maria Catarina Preuten, with whom he had seven children. In addition to his work as a stonemason, Mefferdatis was also active as an appraiser, planner and building contractor. A characteristic feature of Mefferdati's architecture was the formation of the window frames with a keilstein lintel. Until shortly before the end of his life in 1748, Mefferdatis was busy with the execution of construction contracts.


The "Herrenbad", built in 1722, as it was in 1911: Grand Hotel Corneliusbad
The Wylre'sche house on Jakobstrasse in Aachen with a closed Cour d'Honneur

During the Second World War, a large part of the buildings in Aachen that are attributed to Mefferdatis were destroyed. The Cornelius and Karlsbad, called “Herrenbad” (later Grand-Hotel Corneliusbad) in Komphausbadstrasse 16-18, the “Parrot” house at Jakobstrasse 23, the “Pelikan” house at Hauptstrasse 64 and the Courtyards “Theodor von Oliva” at Seilgraben 32 and “Countess von Gollstein” in Jesuitenstrasse 7. On numerous buildings (including at the “Drimbornshof” in Dürwiss , in “Schloss Schönau” in Richterich , “ Londoner Hof ” in Kleinkölnstrasse 18 and on House "Königsstein", at Königstrasse 22 in Aachen) was lost in the course of the reconstruction and renovation work even after the Second World War, a large part of the original structure.

In Eupen (see the list of cultural monuments in Eupen ) and in the vicinity of Aachen there are still several remarkable buildings from his work.

Preserved buildings

Buildings not preserved or not carried out


In recognition of the services, the city of Aachen has renamed the former Korneliusstrasse, which is located at the rear of the Cornelius Baths, which was destroyed in World War II, after Mefferdatis.


  • Carl Rhoen : The urban builder Laurenz Mefferdatis. Aachen 1896.
  • Wilhelm Mummenhoff: On the history of the Aachen architect Laurenz Mefferdatis and his family. In: Zeitschrift des Aachener Geschichtsverein , Volume 63 (1950, published 1951), pp. 26–40.
  • Hermann Heusch : The Wylresche Hof in Aachen. A contribution to the history of the house at Jakobstrasse 35. In: Zeitschrift des Aachener Geschichtsverein , Volume 68 (1956), pp. 333–359.
  • Katharina Köver: The Aachen builder Laurenz Mefferdatis 1677 - 1748. Museum Burg Frankenberg Aachen, 1984.
  • Reinhard Dauber : Aachen villa architecture. The villa as a building task in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Bongers, Recklinghausen 1985.
  • Steffen Skudelny: Laurenz Mefferdatis (1677-1748). Town houses and courtyards in Aachen and the Aachen area. Dissertation, RWTH Aachen, 2001.
  • Holger A. Dux : Aachen from A – Z. Munster 2003.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Albert Huyskens : Hundred years of association for the support of unprofitable foreigners who need a well or bath at the mineral springs in Aachen and Burtscheid. Festschrift on May 10, 1935 . Aachen 1935, p. 31 .
  2. Archived copy ( memento of the original from August 26, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Description of the St. Nicholas Church on @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. ^ Bert Kasties & Manfred Sicking: Aacheners make history, Volume 2 . Shaker, 1999, ISBN 978-3-8265-6462-8 .
  4. ^ Bert Kasties & Manfred Sicking: Aacheners make history, Volume 2 . Shaker, 1999, ISBN 978-3-8265-6462-8 .
  5. Marcel Bauer, Frank Hovens, Anke Kappler, Belinda Petri, Christine Vogt & Anke Volkmer: On the way on Couvens tracks . Grenzecho-Verlag, ISBN 90-5433-187-9 .
  6. ↑ In 1737 Johanna Maria Kahr, Kahr's eldest daughter, married Kornelius Chorus, mayor; they lived in the parrot , Jakobstrasse 23, 1832 to the Kgl. Post office sold, post office in 1939. Compare: Hans Königs : The estate 'Der Große Bau' with Gagini's stucco paintings. In: Zeitschrift des Aachener Geschichtsverein , Volume 60/1939, p. 203, note 2, p. 211.