Lorenzo Tio

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Lorenzo Tio Jr., actually Anselm Lorenzo Tio, (* 21st April 1893 in New Orleans , Louisiana ; † 24. December 1933 in New York City ) was an American jazz - clarinetist of the New Orleans Jazz and teacher of many New Orleans- Musician. He also played the oboe .

Live and act

Lorenzo Tio had a classical music education and, like his father of the same name, Lorenzo Tio senior (1867-1908) and his uncle Louis “Papa” Tio, was very well known as a clarinetist in New Orleans. At the age of nine he played in the marching bands , at 17 in the Onward Brass Band and the Excelsior Brass Band of New Orleans. There he continued to play in large bands such as the Lyre Club Symphony Orchestra and in smaller brass bands. In 1913 he played with Papa Celestin and in 1915 with King Oliver in Pete Lala's. In 1916 he went to Chicago with Manuel Perez's band , where he also played with Charlie Elgar . But he always played like the one in New Orleans, e.g. B. with the band of Papa Celestin. From 1918 to 1928 he also played frequently with Armand J. Piron , with whom he recorded in New York (1923). In 1930 he moved to New York; There he played regularly with other New Orleans musicians on steam boats that went on excursions on the Hudson and in the "Nest Club", but also in the Cotton Club and in the "Roseland". There are recordings u. a. with Sidney Bechet , Clarence Williams (1924) and Jelly Roll Morton (1930).

His style was formative for New Orleans jazz, especially because as a teacher he counted a large number of important jazz musicians among his students, including Sidney Bechet, Albert Nicholas , Jimmie Noone , Omer Simeon (whom he considered his best student after Cottrell), Johnny Dodds , Louis Cottrell Junior , Emile Barnes , Wade Whaley and Barney Bigard . He did not teach his students jazz, but taught them the basics of music such as reading music and the basic concepts of music theory, ear training (according to a procedure called "Solfeggio") and playing techniques for the clarinet, using the so-called " Albert System ". Tio believed that after learning a solid foundation, improvisational play would come naturally when playing with other jazz musicians.

He was married to Peter Bocage's sister , Lillian, who played guitar.


  • Wolf Kampmann (Ed.), With the assistance of Ekkehard Jost : Reclams Jazzlexikon . Reclam, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 3-15-010528-5 .
  • Charles Kinzer The Tios of New Orleans and their pedagogical influence on the early Jazz clarinet style , Black Music Research, Volume 16, 1996, p. 279
  • Charles Kinzer The Tio Family: Four Generations of New Orleans Musicians , Dissertation Louisiana State University 1993

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Probably in Bay St. Louis near New Orleans, where he grew up