Ludwig Harscher from Almendingen

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Ludwig Harscher von Almendingen (born March 25, 1766 in Paris , † January 16, 1827 in Dillenburg ) was a legal scholar and high official in the Duchy of Nassau .


Ludwig Harscher von Almendingen was the son of Johann Daniel Harscher von Almendingen and Catharina Dorethea Elisabeth born. by Jaster. Almendingen was born in Paris, where his father was staying as the Hesse-Darmstadt envoy . In 1760 the family was ennobled. On June 26, 1796, he married Susanne Jakobe Joffmann, the daughter of a Herborn medicine professor.


Ludwig Harscher von Almendingen studied law in Göttingen from 1789 . His teachers included Justus Friedrich Runde , Gustav von Hugo , Johann Stephan Pütter and Ludwig Timotheus Spittler . In 1794 he was appointed court advisor and professor of law at the Herborn High School . In 1805, during the formation of the Duchy of Nassau, he was appointed as a councilor to the Hadamar Court of Appeal . In 1807 Almendingen was commissioned to draft a code of law for the duchy on the basis of the civil code . He strove to do this in close consultation with neighboring small and medium-sized states of the Rhine Confederation . This attempt culminated in the Giessen conference . The Duchy of Nassau formally introduced the Civil Code in 1812 . In fact, this failed because of political resistance and the fall of Napoleon . In 1811 von Almendingen was appointed Privy Councilor and Vice Director at the Court and Appeal Court of Wiesbaden and a member of the Duchy's legislative commission. From 1816 to 1822 he acted as vice-president at the court court in Dillenburg .

From 1820 on, von Almendingen represented Amalie von Nassau-Weilburg in a trial against Alexius Friedrich Christian (Anhalt-Bernburg) before the Prussian Upper Tribunal and lived for this purpose in Berlin. Ultimately, von Almendingen was defeated in this legal dispute. His journalistic appraisal of the case was connected with sharp criticism of the Prussian government. This resulted in his sentencing to one year in prison in 1822. The sentence was never carried out, but led to von Almthings' withdrawal from the public.

Political positions

Von Almendingen contributed to the legal and political debates of his time with numerous publications. His main subjects were the organization of civil processes and criminal law. Politically, he advocated representation of the people by independent educated people, public court hearings and freedom of the press. He also spoke out in favor of preserving the smaller and medium-sized German territories.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Eckhart G. Franz , Peter Fleck, Fritz Kallenberg: Grand Duchy of Hesse (1800) 1806-1918 . In: Walter Heinemeyer , Helmut Berding , Peter Moraw , Hans Philippi (ed.): Handbook of Hessian History . Volume 4.2: Hesse in the German Confederation and in the New German Empire (1806) 1815–1945. The Hessian states until 1945 = publications of the historical commission for Hesse 63. Elwert. Marburg 2003. ISBN 3-7708-1238-7 , p. 714.