Ludwig Müller (Waldmüller)

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Ludwig Richard Müller (born January 11, 1879 in Eslarn , † July 2, 1964 in Munich ) was a German businessman and founder of the Argenta photo paper factory , who became known as a composer and zither player under the pseudonym " Waldmüller " .


Ludwig Müller was the son of the Eslarner businessman Alois Müller. He learned to play the zither at the age of seven, the violin and trumpet at the age of nine and the piano at the age of twelve. He composed his first work at the age of 12. He aspired to a musical profession and, at the age of 14, attended the Würzburg music school for three and a half years , where Max Meyer-Olbersleben was one of his teachers. Musically he continued his education in Munich for two and a half years with Anton Beer-Walbrunn . He was forced to give up his studies and turn to the commercial profession.


After doing commercial work in various industries, he turned to practical photography and opened an extensive mail order and export business for photographic articles. On the occasion of his 75th birthday, he was referred to as one of the pioneers of aerial photography in the specialist magazine Foto Prisma .

In 1918, the last year of the war , he founded the Argenta, the photographic paper factory, Ludwig Müller, in Pasing, which was forcibly incorporated into Munich in 1938 by Adolf Hitler . The factory with its headquarters on Willibaldstrasse was completely destroyed by air raids in World War II, but continued to exist as a GmbH until 1992 with the last headquarters at Planegger Strasse 121 in Munich. Even after the war she was still active internationally.

His three sons, born from his marriage to Maria Müller, née Aschenbrenner, also became merchants.

Musical work

In addition to his entrepreneurial success, Ludwig Müller became known primarily as a composer and musician. His compositional oeuvre encompasses several musical genres . In addition to light music, his zither compositions also include more demanding works, for example the humoresque or a fandango for zither orchestra. He has also composed instrumental concerts for violin , cello and piano , organ works , chamber music (wind sextet, string quartet, etc.), symphonies , choral music and songs, including the musical drama Manuel Venegas , a small symphony for chamber orchestra, a lullaby for a small orchestra and an adagio for orchestra. At the age of 80, he composed the Upper Palatinate Mass ( op. 80; 1959) as a festival overture for the festival in his birthplace, Eslarn . He dedicated the festival march Hoch Eslarn (op. 6) intended for zither to Eslarn . He dedicated the waltz Remembrance in Schönsee (op. 14) to the neighboring community of Schönsee . He composed over 80 works in total.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Argenta Munich. Forty years. 1918/1958. Argenta factory of photographic paper Ludwig Müller, Verlag F. Bruckmann , Munich 1958.
  2. Anton Schreiegg : Ludwig Müller (Waldmüller) 80. In: Die Oberpfalz , Volume 47, M. Lassleben, 1959, p. 3.
  3. Ludwig Müller. In: August Sieghardt: Upper Palatinate. Landscape, history, culture, art. Glock and Lutz, 1965, p. 438.
  4. a b Josef Brandlmeier: Handbuch der Zither , Volume 1, Süddeutscher Verlag , Munich 1963, p. 233.
  5. a b Ludwig Müller (Waldmüller). In: Neue Zeitschrift für Musik , Volume 120 (1959), p. 29.
  6. a b c d Photo echo: Ludwig Müller 75 years. In: Foto Prisma Volume 5, Knapp., 1954, p. 4.
  7. Ludwig Müller 60 years. In: The photographer's studio , volumes 45–46 (1938–1939), p. 332.
  8. ARGENTA Factory for Photographic Papers GmbH. HRB 92446 (Munich District Court)
  9. Argenta. In: Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office , Volume 804 (1964), p. 19.
  10. ^ A b Müller (Waldmüller), Ludwig, composer. In: Kürschner's German Musicians Calendar 1954. 2nd edition, De Gruyter, Berlin 1954.
  11. a b Ludwig Müller (Waldmüller). In: Die Oberpfalz , Volume 48, M. Lassleben, 1960, p. 294.
  12. Karla Fohrbeck ; Andreas Johannes Wiesand : Handbook of cultural prizes and individual artist support in the Federal Republic of Germany, 1978. DuMont, 1978, p. 538. ISBN 978-3-770-11089-6