Maraga massacre

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Memorial in Nor Maragha, Armenia for the victims of the Maragha massacre
Monument in Nor Maragha to the Armenian defenders of Maragha

The massacre in Maraga (also Maragha ) was during the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict on 10 April 1992 to Armenians in the village of Maraga in the former Rayon Martakert the Autonomous Oblast of Nagorno-Karabakh or in Rajon Tərtər in Azerbaijan perpetrated. The village, part of Nagorno-Karabakh , is now under Azerbaijani control.


The massacre was carried out by the Azerbaijani armed forces against members of the ethnic Armenian population of Maraga. An investigation by Human Rights Watch published in 1992 found that the Armenian Defense Command, positioned about two kilometers from Maraga, could not withstand the Azerbaijani attack on the village on April 10, 1992. The only available eyewitness reported that as a result, the majority of Maraga's population fled. People who were unable to escape and who were hiding in basements, the majority of them physically handicapped and elderly, were taken hostage or murdered by the Azerbaijani armed forces.

Number of victims

At least 45 civilians were killed in the massacre, according to a report by Amnesty International . In addition to murders, there were also mutilations.

The Speaker of the Parliament of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic , Gevorg Petrossian, reported 53 civilians who were killed in the attack on the village.

According to a report by Baroness Cox , Azerbaijani forces beheaded up to 45 villagers, burned others, burned most of the village and abducted around 100 women and children.

According to Azerbaijani reports, the Maraga massacre was in retaliation for the Khojaly massacre two months earlier. According to Armenian reports, however, the massacre was carried out in order to eliminate an Armenian presence in the place and to secure the oil reserves there for Azerbaijan.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. a b Rachel Denber, Robert Kogod Goldman: Bloodshed in the Caucasus: escalation of the armed conflict in Nagorno Karabakh , Human Rights Watch / Helsinki, p. 29, 1992
  2. ^ Azerbaydzhan: Hostages in the Karabakh conflict: Civilians Continue to Pay the Price. In: Amnesty International . Archived from the original on October 2, 2012 ; accessed on February 28, 2016 .
  3. ^ Country Dossier List 1993 Europe. In: Amnesty International . Archived from the original on October 2, 2012 ; accessed on February 27, 2016 .
  4. Survivors of the Maraghar Massacre . Christianity Today . April 27, 1998. Retrieved January 11, 2013
  5. ^ Caroline Cox, John Eibner: Ethnic Cleansing in Progress: War in Nagorno Karabakh. Institute for Religious Minorities in the Islamic World, p. 58, 1993
  6. ^ Oil factor had role in Maragha tragedy, Armenian MP says . Retrieved January 11, 2013.