Natural Track Luge World Cup
The World Cup luge on natural track is from the International Luge Federation aligned (FIL) series of competitions in natural track luge , which has been held since the winter of 1992/1993 year in the period from about December to February. Seven races (including a double event with a classic World Cup format and a pursuit race) will determine the overall winners in the disciplines of single-seater women , single-seater men , doubles and team . Both men and women can compete in the two-seater, but the participants are almost exclusively men.
In principle, seven, but at least six, World Cups are held each season. This can include a parallel competition in which two athletes ride on tracks that are next to each other at the same time, and there is the possibility of holding two World Cups one after the other at the same location (so-called double World Cup). All athletes with a valid FIL license who are at least 15 years of age in the year of the event, i.e. in the year in which the season ends, are eligible to participate. A maximum of six women in singles, six men in singles and three pairs of doubles can take part in a World Cup race per national association. In the first race of the season, the Intercontinental Cup overall winner of the previous year is also entitled to start in every discipline. The Intercontinental Cup was replaced by the FIL Junior World Cup in the 2014/15 season.
The result of a World Cup race is determined by the sum of the times achieved in two competition runs. In exceptional weather or track conditions, the race can also be decided in just one round. The starting order in the first run is determined by the intermediate result in the World Cup classification. The World Cup leader starts last and the athletes with few or no World Cup points start first. In the first race of the season, the overall result of the previous year is decisive. The second run will start after the broken ranking of the first run, so the half-time leader will start last. At least one forerunner must drive on the track before each competition run.
Awarding of points and overall evaluation
For each World Cup race, World Cup points are awarded according to the FIL point system. The winner receives 100 points, the second placed 85 points, the third placed 70 points and the further ranks fewer and fewer points, up to 39th place, for which two points are awarded. From 40th place, all athletes receive a World Cup point.
The overall World Cup ranking for each discipline and the national ranking result from the sum of the points scored in the World Cup races. In the doubles, the respective pairs are rated and not the athletes. If a toboggan runner starts in a two-seater with different partners during a season, these teams are rated individually.
Up until the 2009/2010 season there was a cancellation result , which means that only the best five results were used to calculate the overall World Cup ranking.
→ Main article: List of venues in the Natural Track Luge World Cup
In the 26 World Cup seasons from 1992/1993 to 2019/2020, there were World Cup races at 45 locations in nine European and two North American countries. The majority of the competitions take place in Italy ( South Tyrol ) and Austria .
→ Main article: List of overall World Cup winners in natural tobogganing
The following table provides an overview of the overall winners of the Natural Track Luge World Cup as well as links to the individual World Cup seasons, which contain a list of the podium places in all World Cup races and the overall ratings of the individual disciplines:
→ Main article: List of winners of natural track toboggan World Cup races
The tobogganists with the most victories in single-seater World Cup races are Russian Ekaterina Lavrentieva and Italian Patrick Pigneter . The Italian duo Patrick Pigneter and Florian Clara have achieved the greatest number of victories in two-seater World Cup races so far .