Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course

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Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course
FIL logo
Founded 1957
Place of foundation Davos
president Josef Fendt
Members 52
Association headquarters Salzburg
Official languages) German and English
Homepage www.fil-luge.org

The Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course (FIL) or International Luge Federation is the umbrella organization for all types of tobogganing , i.e. both for luge on natural track natural track tobogganing and for luge on artificial ice rink. This was founded in 1957 with thirteen nations in Davos , now the association comprises 52 national toboggan associations and is based in Salzburg .


The FIL aims to:

  • to develop, monitor and direct the sport of luge by organizing and promoting sport traffic worldwide.
  • To support the objectives of the NFs within the scope of their possibilities in the form of help in theory and practice.
  • to promote the exchange of experience and knowledge from the development of luge sport on an international level.
  • To advertise for and with the sport of luge.
  • to represent the sport of luge within the framework of the International Olympic Sports Movement.
  • Collaborate with other international sports and sports science organizations.
  • To organize world championships, continental championships, world and continental cups as well as other luge competitions approved by the congress or the executive branch.
  • Establish rules for all luge disciplines.
  • to serve as the highest court of appeal for protests and other legal questions from international luge competitions as well as for all questions relating to the FIL statutes and guidelines.
  • to operate all accident prevention measures as effectively as possible.
  • to be considerate of the environment.
  • to enforce the principle of "fair play".


First beginnings

The first toboggan competition took place on February 12, 1883 on a four-kilometer course between Davos and its neighboring town of Klosters , the joint winners from Australia and Switzerland had a time of 9 minutes and 15 seconds.

Austria , Switzerland and Germany founded the International Sled Sports Association (ISSV) in Dresden in 1913 , which was a first attempt at an international toboggan association. The first European Luge Championships took place in 1914 in Reichenberg (today Liberec ) in Bohemia . The First World War caused the ISSV to suspend its operations, and all additional competitions until 1927 were prevented.

Reconstruction and merger with the FIBT

In 1927 the ISSV began its work again with the second European championships held in Schreiberhau (today the Polish Szklarska Poręba ), and the following year there was also a women's competition. In 1935 the ISSV merged with the Fédération Internationale de Bobsleigh et de Tobogganing (FIBT) and was part of the Section de Luge until the early 1950s . Even today, many national associations do not separate tobogganing from bobsleigh and skeleton .

Separation from the FIBT

At a meeting of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in Athens in 1954, it was decided that luge would replace skeleton as an Olympic sport. Skeleton, which was operated in both the 1928 and 1948 Winter Olympics , was only able to make its “Olympic comeback” in 2002 . The first Luge World Championships took place at Holmenkollen near Oslo in 1955 . The separation from the FIBT took place in Davos in 1957, the newly founded FIL was granted membership in the International Olympic Committee at the IOC meeting in Sofia that same year . The first president of the FIL became the Austrian Bert Isatitsch .

FIL growth

At the 1959 IOC meeting in Munich , artificial track tobogganing was finally determined as a sport for the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck . The toboggan competitions took place in neighboring Igls , and twelve nations took part. First, the luge times were measured to the 1/100 of a second, but after a draw in the men's doubles competition at the 1972 Winter Olympics between the GDR and Italy , the FIL began to set the times to 1/1000 of a second determine. This practice proved its worth and still applies today.

There were also developments in natural track tobogganing : the first natural track luge European championship took place in Kapfenberg in 1970 , the first natural track luge world championship in 1979 in Inzing . While the Luge World Cup has been held since 1977/1978 , the FIL has only been organizing this in natural track luge since the 1992/1993 season. In artificial track luge, on the other hand, the first Junior World Championships were held in Lake Placid in 1982 .

FIL today

After Isatitsch's sudden death on February 8, 1994, the Vice President for Sports, Josef Fendt , took over the presidency, which he will hand over in summer 2020.

At the 2012 congress, the natural tobogganing sport of horn sledging , which had also been supported by the FIL, was excluded from summer 2013. European championships of this sport are now organized by the non- Sportaccord member and non- IOC professional association International Sport Luge Federation (ISSU) .

For the Winter Olympics 2026 in Italy, the start of luge on natural track recognition of natural track tobogganing as an Olympic discipline and the women's doubles discipline in luge on artificial track were set as goals.

FIL events

The FIL regulates competitions on a global and European level, i.e. world and European championships on artificial ice and natural rinks. At the Olympic Games, only luge is a sport; the introduction of natural tobogganing is controversial. Individual competitions are men's singles, men's doubles (also mixed doubles for natural track), women's doubles (from the 2019/20 season), women's singles and a team competition in which athletes from all three disciplines start for one country (for natural track from season 2019/20 team of 1 woman and 1 man).

Artificial tracks can currently be found sixteen times, natural tracks over fifty times around the world.

FIL Hall of Fame

In 2004 the FIL established a Hall of Fame for the best toboggan athletes . The following have been recorded so far:


In its long history, the FIL has only had two presidents:


  • Bert Isatitsch: 100 years of tobogganing, 1883–1983 , publisher FIL

Links to competitions

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. FIL statutes and regulations 1.5 (PDF; 455 kB)
  2. Wikipedia: Löschkandidaten / 4._May_2017 # International Sledge Sports Union