Otto Heinrich Greve

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Otto Heinrich Greve (born January 30, 1908 in Rostock , † June 11, 1968 in Ascona ) was a German lawyer, politician ( DDP , FDP , SPD ) and member of the Parliamentary Council .

Life and work

After graduating from high school in Rostock , Greve studied law at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich , in Paris , Nancy and Rostock . After the first state examination in 1933, he began the legal clerkship. In 1935 he received his doctorate and a year later he passed the assessor exam. He then entered the judicial service, but was dismissed for political reasons in 1938. Since his school days he had been a good friend of the Jewish lawyer Herbert Samuel, who was affected by the Aryanization . Until the end of the war he worked as a syndic in industry and therefore traveled frequently to England despite the war. In 1945 Greve was initially employed by the American occupation forces as a district administrator in the district of Greiz . When Thuringia was taken over by the Soviet occupation forces, he fled with his family to Wagenfeld near Bremen. In 1946 Greve established himself as a lawyer in Hanover , and since 1948 he was also a notary .

Political party

From 1926 to 1933 Greve was a member of the DDP and belonged to the Reich Executive Committee of the Young Democrats . He was also an active member of the Reichsbanner Schwarz-Rot-Gold . In 1945 he participated in the founding of the FDP . In February 1946 he joined the board of directors for the British zone, of which he was a member until 1947. In the zone board he headed the "Political Bureau", which was based in Hanover . At the end of April 1948 he joined the SPD because he did not agree with the shift to the right of the Lower Saxony FDP under its new chairman Artur Stegner . He literally referred to the Lower Saxony FDP regional association as a "makeshift home of reaction".


Greve was a member of the state parliament in Lower Saxony from 1947 to 1951 . In 1948/49 he was a member of the Parliamentary Council and is thus one of the "fathers of the Basic Law". He was then a member of the German Bundestag from the first federal election in 1949 to 1961 . He was always directly elected in the constituency of Nienburg - Schaumburg-Lippe . 1954/1955 he was deputy chairman of the parliamentary committee of inquiry into the " John case " . From 1955 to 1958 he was chairman of the Bundestag Committee for Reparation , not least because of his good contacts with Jewish organizations, but had to vacate this post for the same reasons. As early as 1956, Greve called for the policy of the possible, i.e. the separation of the areas beyond the Oder and Neisse to be recognized as final, but for the time being to be left as they are in order to achieve the reunification of Germany in the area of ​​the former Allied occupation zones. The official standpoint of the Federal Republic that Germany has no claims to territory of Czechoslovakia , such as the Sudetenland , must be clearly stated by Germans, whoever makes such claims betrays the cause of the unity of Germany. Greve received sharp reproaches for these words, also from his own party.


  • Heiko Holste: Against the spirit of the Rosenburg . In: NJW -aktuell, issue 51/2017, p. 18
  • Rudolf Vierhaus , Ludolf Herbst (eds.), Bruno Jahn (collaborators): Biographical manual of the members of the German Bundestag. 1949-2002. Vol. 1: A-M. KG Saur, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-598-23782-0 , p. 277.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Entry in the Rostocker Matriculation Portal , SS 1927, No. 98
  2. Quoted from: Christof Brauers: Die FDP in Hamburg 1945 to 1953 , Munich 2007, p. 299
  3. ^ "Reunification is initially only possible between the Federal Republic of Germany and the so-called German Democratic Republic." Otto Heinrich Greve, Reunification - a political necessity , lecture given on May 15, 1956 in Hanover at the conference of the Königsteiner Kreis , Hanover: typescript , 1956, p. 2.
  4. Otto Heinrich Greve, Reunification - a political necessity , lecture given on May 15, 1956 in Hanover at the conference of the Königsteiner Kreis , Hanover: Typescript, 1956, p. 2.
  5. ^ Christian Pross: reparation: the guerrilla war against the victims , Frankfurt am Main: Athenaeum 1988 ISBN 3-610-08502-9 , p. 95, p. 112