Otto Illies

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Otto Illies (born January 25, 1881 in Yokohama , Japan , † February 22, 1959 in Wernigerode ) was a German painter.

Self-portrait, around 1912


Otto Illies, a cousin of the painter Arthur Illies , was born as the son of overseas merchant Carl Illies in Japan and spent part of his childhood there. The rest of the childhood he lived in Blankenese , and later in Schleswig-Holstein in the countryside. 1898–99 he received painting lessons from Georg Burmester in Kiel and 1900/01 from Ernst Eitner in Hamburg. From 1901 he studied art history and history at the University of Munich and attended Heinrich Knirr's nude school .

From 1903 to 1908 Illies was a student of Ludwig von Hofmann's nude class at the Weimar Art School. He was friends with his classmates Ivo Hauptmann , Hans Delbrück, Arnold Dahlke, Rudolf Siegmund, Erwin Vollmer , Herbert von Treskow, Georg Gerken, Willy Preetorius and Muckel Schlittgen as well as Carl Lambrecht . Later he was also close friends with Ludwig von Hoffmann (extensive correspondence in the Ludwig von Hofmann archive in Zurich). In Weimar Illies came into contact with Neo-Impressionism , which he dealt with intensively and persistently, but from which he finally turned away.

Villa Otto Illies (1911)

From 1908 to 1911 he shared a studio with Hans Delbrück in Berlin. In 1908 he took part in the exhibition of the Berlin Secession .

In 1910 his parents died. With the considerable inherited fortune, Illies built a representative villa on the Falkenstein in 1911 based on designs by Walther Baedeker , with the studio in the north wing. He became a member of the Hamburg Art Association in 1920 and of the Hamburg Artists' Association from 1832 in 1922 . In 1924 he moved to Wernigerode in the Harz Mountains, where he died in 1959.

Illies was best known as a landscape painter. Trees, especially fruit trees, play a special role in his imagery, as well as quarries, rocks and mine tunnels (so-called pinge ). Illies also did a lot as an interior painter and above all as a flower painter. On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of his death, the Gleimhaus in Halberstadt, which keeps a large part of his artistic and written estate, held a retrospective of his works in 2009 .

Works (selection)

Tree root
Lichtnelke, 1907, linocut

Oil painting

  • Evening on the Elbe (1900)
  • View from Falkenstein to the Elbe (1900)
  • Teacup still life, around 1905, Gleimhaus Halberstadt
  • Landstrasse near Saalborn, around 1905, Hamburg art dealer
  • Inside of a smoking hut in the Alstertal, around 1906, Hamburg art dealer
  • Holstein orchard (Möltenort), 1906, private property, Sierksdorf
  • Fruit tree, around 1907, Gleimhaus Halberstadt
  • At the Falkenstein (1910)
  • Beach landscape, 1909/10, Gleimhaus Halberstadt
  • Quarry near Saalborn, 1911, Magdeburg Cultural History Museum
  • Foehn (Wamberg), around 1912, Gleimhaus Halberstadt
  • Cold day (Wamberg), around 1912, private property, Göttingen
  • Cold day (around 1913), private property in Göttingen
  • Hasental near Garmisch-Partenkirchen, around 1914, Gleimhaus Halberstadt
  • Tiled stove, around 1915, Hamburger Kunsthalle
  • Dining room in the artist's villa on Falkenstein, around 1920, Gleimhaus Halberstadt
  • Tree root (1925/50), Gleimhaus Halberstadt
  • Harzer Pinge, 1926, private property, Magdeburg
  • Forest section near Wernigerode, around 1930, Harz Museum Wernigerode
  • Root, around 1930, Harz Museum Wernigerode
  • Alpine forest, around 1930, Dome and Castles Foundation Saxony-Anhalt
  • Self-portrait, around 1912, Gleimhaus, Halberstadt


  • Forest section in Wohldorf-Ohlstedt
  • Reclining nude girl


  • Knocke-sur-Mer (around 1910), Gleimhaus Halberstadt

Woodcuts and linocuts

  • Lichtnelke ( linocut , 1907)
  • Falkenstein ( woodcut , around 1927)
  • Falkenstein (woodcut, 1930)
  • Landscape (woodcut, 1930)
  • Courtyard building with tree (woodcut, 1930)
  • Arnica ( linocut , two-tone, around 1930)
  • Waves and Clouds (woodcut, 1932)
  • [Untitled] (two-tone linocut, 1932)


  • Maria Dietl (Ed.): Otto Illies: 1881-1959. Paintings, pastels, graphics. Catalog for the exhibition in the gallery in the Großjena manor near Naumburg an der Saale, June 3 to July 2, 1995. Großjena: Galerie im Gutshaus, 1995
  • Reimar F. Lacher: Donation Otto Illies. In: Non-profit sheets. The Förderkreis Gleimhaus e. V. reports and informs, 17th year 2008, issue 35/36, pp. 65–67
  • Colors creation. Otto Illies (1881–1959), Yokohama, Hamburg, Wernigerode. Cat. To exhib. in the Gleimhaus Halberstadt from May 2, 2009 to August 2, 2009, ed. v. Reimar F. Lacher, with contributions by Rita Kayser, Reimar F. Lacher, Heike Billerbeck and a partial edition of Otto Illies' youth memories. Hall 2009

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Otto Illies  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. ,, accessed on January 13, 2016@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /