Otto Schönberger

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Otto Schönberger (born February 22, 1926 in Dillingen an der Donau ) is a German classical scholar and didactic specialist .


Otto Schönberger

From 1936 on, Schönberger attended the humanistic grammar school in his hometown, where his father also taught ancient languages. In 1943 he was drafted to Augsburg as a flak helper , the following year he joined the Air Force in Belgium , where he was wounded twice before the end of the war. Schönberger then studied classical philology , linguistics , philosophy and archeology at the Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg from 1946 to 1950 until he received his doctorate in 1951 on the complaints about the decline of Roman eloquence in the first century AD. A contribution to the problem of decadence . During his studies he lived in Veitshöchheim . Afterwards he began his teaching duties as a study assessor at the New Gymnasium in Würzburg. He then worked as a seminar teacher at the Wirsberg Gymnasium from 1960 to 1976 . For many years he taught Latin and Greek style at the Julius Maximilians University. His numerous publications on this are still considered standard works in this field. From 1976 to 1984 he was headmaster of the Siebold-Gymnasium in Würzburg . He wrote annotated classic texts that were mainly published by Reclam Verlag , as well as a Latin phraseology , a Latin-style exercise book and a Greek language exercise book . Schönberger worked on the Latin synonymy of Hermann Menge from the fifth edition on. He translated together with his wife Eva, the Margarita Philosophica of Gregor Reisch of the 1517th

As a didactic specialist in the 1970s, in a dispute with Saul B. Robinsohn, he significantly influenced the conversion of traditional language teaching to the new learning target matrix and helped lay the foundations for modern teaching.

In 1981 Schönberger also wrote Die Leihkatze or How to learn to love cats as well as autobiographical writings. Otto Schönberger lives in Gerbrunn near Würzburg.

On December 7, 2019, Otto and Eva Schönberger received the Academy Prize of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences for their translations from Latin and Greek .


  • Notes on a book by Saul B. Robinsohn. In: MDAV. 3/1968, pp. 2-7.
  • Development and function of the learning objective matrix for Latin lessons. In: Karl Bayer (Hrsg.): Learning objectives and professional achievements. An empirical approach to the Latin curriculum. Stuttgart 1973, pp. 25-29.
  • Aristotle: About the world. Reclam, Stuttgart 2005.
  • Ausonius: Mosella. With texts by Symmachus and Venantius Fortunatus. Lat.- German Reclam, Stuttgart 2000.
  • Caesar: The Gallic War. Lat.- German Albatros, Düsseldorf 2008.
  • Caesar: The Civil War. Lat.- German Artemis, Munich / Zurich 1990.
  • Cato: From farming. Fragments. Lat.- German Artemis & Winkler, Düsseldorf / Zurich 2000.
  • Cicero: Speech about the supreme command of Cn. Pompey. Lat.- German Reclam, Stuttgart 2007.
  • Cicero: Speech for the poet A. Licinius Archias. Lat.- German Reclam, Stuttgart 2006.
  • Ennius: Fragments. Lat.- German Reclam, Stuttgart 2009.
  • Hesiod: Theogony. Gr.- German Reclam, Stuttgart 1999.
  • Hesiod: works and days. Gr.- German Reclam, Stuttgart 2007.
  • Horace: satires and epistles. Lat.- German SQAW 33rd Academy, Berlin 1991.
  • Kolluthos : Rape of Helena. Greek-German. Introduction, text, translation and comments by Otto Schönberger. Königshausen & Neumann , Würzburg 1993, ISBN 3-88479-819-7 .
  • Longinus: From the sublime. Gr.- German Reclam, Stuttgart 1988.
  • Longos: Shepherd Tales of Daphnis and Chloe. Gr.- German Artemis & Winkler, Düsseldorf / Zurich 1998.
  • Macrobius: Table discussions at the Saturnalia Festival. Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 2008.
  • Petrarch: letters in verse. Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 2004.
  • Petronius: Satyr Stories. Lat.- German SQAW 40th Academy, Berlin 1992.
  • Phaedrus: Liber fabularum - book of fables. Lat.- German Reclam, Stuttgart 1992 and others
  • Post-war period in Würzburg (1946–1948). In: Wirsberg-Gymnasium Würzburg. Annual report 1996/97. Pp. 48-65.
  • Philostratus: The pictures. Gr.- German Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 2004.
  • Physiologus. Gr.- German Reclam, Stuttgart 2001.
  • Reisch: Margarita philosophica. (Translation of the edition of 1517). Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 2016.
  • Seneca (d. Ä.): Sentences, classifications, coloring of speakers and speech teachers. Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 2004.
  • Seneca: Apocolocyntosis divi Claudii. (bilingual). Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 1990.
  • Seneca: Scientific Investigations. Lat.- German Reclam, Stuttgart 1998.
  • Statius: The battle for Thebes. Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 1998.
  • Valla: Laurentius: Of the true and false good. Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 2004.
  • Virgil: Georgica. Lat.- German Reclam, Stuttgart 2010.
  • Vettius: bouquets of flowers. Scripta-Mercaturae-Verlag, St.Katharinen 2004.
  • Walahfrid Strabo: About horticulture. Lat.- German Reclam, Stuttgart 2002.


  • Karl Bayer : Dr. Otto Schönberger on his 75th birthday. In: DASiU. 47, 4/2000, pp. 8-9.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Roland Bettger, Christian Roedig: From the Royal Realgymnasium to the Siebold-Gymnasium Würzburg, Festschrift and annual report for the 120th year 1983/84 . S. 210, 211 .
  2. Rolf-Ulrich Kunze : Würzburg 1945-2004. Reconstruction, modern city. In: Ulrich Wagner (Hrsg.): History of the city of Würzburg. 4 volumes, Volume I-III / 2 (I: From the beginnings to the outbreak of the Peasant War. 2001, ISBN 3-8062-1465-4 ; II: From the Peasant War 1525 to the transition to the Kingdom of Bavaria 1814. 2004, ISBN 3 -8062-1477-8 ; III / 1–2: From the transition to Bavaria to the 21st century. 2007, ISBN 978-3-8062-1478-9 ), Theiss, Stuttgart 2001–2007, Volume III (2007), Pp. 318–346 and 1292–1295, here: p. 325 and p. 1293, note 39.
  3. BAdW press release