Peter Scheemakers

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Peter Scheemakers
William Shakespeare by Peter Scheemakers

Peter Scheemakers also Pieter Scheemaeckers (born January 16, 1691 in Antwerp , † September 12, 1781 ibid) was a Flemish sculptor .


He was the son of the sculptor of the same name Peter Scheemaeckers (1640–1714) from Antwerp, the brother of the sculptor Hendrik Scheemaeckers (1670–1748), who worked in Antwerp and Paris, and the father of the London sculptor Thomas Scheemaeckers (1740–1808). He started out as an apprentice to his father. He then worked for JC Sturmberg in Copenhagen for four years . After a stay in Rome he came to London, where he became a student of Francis Bird and Pierre Denis Plumière. He befriended the sculptor Laurent Delvaux , who was also a student of Plumière. After the death of their master in 1721 they completed his commission for a memorial to John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby . They opened a joint studio in Millbank and took on orders for statuettes, statues, vases and tombs. In 1728 they traveled to Rome with the painter Pieter van Angellis, where Scheemakers spent two years studying. In the meantime he stayed in Antwerp, after which he spent many years of his artistic work from 1733 to 1770 in London . His most famous works can be found there, including 15 in Westminster Abbey . His best-known work, William Shakespeare , was featured on the back of the Bank of England 's £ 20 banknote from 1970 to 1991 . Scheemakers returned to his native Antwerp around 1770, where he died in 1781.

Works (selection)

at Westminster Abbey
  • 1721: John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby , marble tomb, with Laurent Delvaux
  • 1730: George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle , marble tomb
  • 1731: Henry Belasyse († 1717), marble tomb
  • 1731: John Dryden , bust
  • 1732: John Woodward († 1728), marble tomb
  • 1734: Francis Meyrick, marble tomb
  • 1740: Lord Aubrey Beauclerck († 1740), marble tomb
  • 1740: William Shakespeare , marble tomb, designed by William Kent
  • 1741: General Percy Kirk, marble tomb
  • 1743: Charles Wager († 1743), marble tomb
  • 1744: Admiral John Balchen († 1744), marble tomb
  • 1747: Magdalen Walsh, marble tomb
  • 1754: Dr. Richard Mead († 1754), marble tomb with bust
  • 1757: Vice-Admiral Charles Watson († 1757), marble tomb, designed by James Stuart
  • 1758: Viscount Howe († 1758), marble tomb
other locations

Web links

Commons : Peter Scheemakers  - collection of images, videos and audio files


Individual evidence

  1. Withdrawn Banknotes Reference Guide: £ 20 Series D (Pictoral Series)
  2. ^ William Shakespeare - Abbey Memorial