Picton (New Zealand)

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Geographical location
Picton (New Zealand)
Coordinates 41 ° 18 ′  S , 174 ° 0 ′  E Coordinates: 41 ° 18 ′  S , 174 ° 0 ′  E
Country New ZealandNew Zealand New Zealand
region Marlborough
District Marlborough District
Ward Marlborough Sounds Ward
Residents 2 745 (2013)
height 3 m
Post Code 7220
Telephone code +64 (0) 3
website www.picton.co.nz
Photography of the place
Picton New Zealand.JPG
Picton at the end of Queen Charlotte Sound

Picton is a port city in the Marlborough District on the South Island of New Zealand .

Origin of name

Originally called Newton , Picton was named in 1859 in honor of Sir Thomas Picton , a general who served under Arthur Wellesley , 1st Duke of Wellington , in the Napoleonic Wars .


The city is located around 25 km north of Blenheim on Picton Harbor , an inlet of Queen Charlotte Sound . Embedded between up to 727  m high mountains in the west and up to 970  m high mountains in the east, the city is located in a basin open to the north, in which the Waitahi River meanders through the city to the north and near the city's ferry terminal in the Picton Harbor empties.


The city is located on the settlement grounds of the Māori tribe of the Te Āti Awa , whose (village) was named Waitohi . Sometime between 1844 and 1850, Governor George Edward Gray and Francis Dillon Bell , a representative of the New Zealand Company , bought the land from the Māori , who were ready to move their village to Waikawa Bay . After town planning was completed, the new location was named Newton by the New Zealand Company , but when Marlborough Province was established in 1859, the location was renamed Picton and made the seat of provincial government. Disputes and power struggles finally led to the seat of the provincial government being relocated to Blenheim in 1865 .

When gold was found in the Wakamarina area in 1864 , the population of Picton briefly grew to over 3,000, but quickly declined again when the grounds were exhausted only two years later.

In 1876 Picton was granted city rights.


In the 2013 census, the city had 2,745 inhabitants, 6.3% less than in the 2006 census.


Road traffic

The New Zealand State Highway 1 ends at the city's ferry terminal , coming from Bluff in the extreme south of the South Island via Dunedin , Christchurch and Blenheim , traversing the entire South Island on its east side and only continuing northwards after crossing the Cook Strait from Wellington . A coastal road that branches off the highway in the western part of the city connects Havelock , some 20 km further west, with Picton . About Havelock and New Zealand State Highway 6 is Nelson , km west around 60 from Picton to achieve.

Rail transport

The railway line of the South Island Main Trunk Railway , which also comes from Bluff , runs almost the entire route parallel to State Highway 1 and connects to the North Island Main Trunk Railway via the ferries and the port of Wellington , also ends at the ferry terminal in the harbor takes place on the north island of the country. The TranzCoastal , which has its starting point in Christchurch , also ends in Picton .


The South Island connects to the North Island via the city's ferry port. All goods that are transported by truck and rail between the two main islands use the ferry route between Picton and Wellington . All of the passenger transport runs along the same route. Ferries from the companies Interislander and Strait Shipping , the latter known under the name Bluebridge , operate between the two ferry ports .

To the east of the ferry dock is the city's marina and another 4 km northeast in Waikawa Bay .

In 2000, Picton Harbor was expanded to include Waimahara Wharf in the directly adjacent Shakespeare Bay . There is the timber port, from which timber transports go north. Cruise ships also dock at the quay.


Picton is the starting point for trips into the Marlborough Sounds . Sights of Picton are the three-masted Edwin Fox in the harbor and a small museum dedicated to whales (with information on whaling ).

Photo gallery

See also


Web links

Commons : Picton  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Picton  - Travel Guide
  • Malcolm McKinnon : Marlborough places - Picton . In: Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand . Ministry for Culture & Heritage , May 12, 2012, accessed September 20, 2017 .
  • Homepage . Retrieved on September 22, 2017(English,visitor guide).
  • Homepage . picton.co.nz,accessed on September 22, 2017(English).

Individual evidence

  1. a b 2013 Census QuickStats about a place: Picton . Statistics New Zealand , accessed July 15, 2016 .
  2. ^ Neubauer: Picton . In: The New Zealand Book . 2003, p. 624 .
  3. a b c Topo250 maps . Land Information New Zealand , accessed September 22, 2017 .
  4. Malcolm McKinnon : Marlborough places - Picton . In: Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand . Ministry for Culture & Heritage , May 12, 2012, accessed September 20, 2017 .
  5. ^ Davis : Picton . In: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand . 1966.
  6. ^ Neubauer: Picton . In: The New Zealand Book . 2003, p. 625 .


  1. Depending on the source, different dates are given for the year in which the land was purchased. The New Zealand book refers to the year 1848, the Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966 by Alexander Hare McLintock gives 1844 as the date of purchase and the website of Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand gives March 1850 (see sources above).