|UNESCO world heritage|
|Rock face in Woodland Caribou Provincial Park
|Type:||Culture / nature|
|Criteria :||(iii) (vi) (ix)|
|Buffer zone:||3,592,000 ha|
|Reference No .:||1415|
|UNESCO region :||America|
|History of enrollment|
|Enrollment:||2018 ( session 42 )|
Pimachiowin Aki (ᐱᒪᒋᐅᐃᐧᓂᐊᑭ, translated from Ojibwe Land gives life ) is a large biosphere reserve and UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the boreal coniferous forest area in parts of Ontario and Manitoba . It has an area of around 43,000 square kilometers, which is roughly the size of the heartland of Denmark (excluding Greenland and Faroe Islands). On July 1, 2018, UNESCO declared the area a combined world natural and world cultural heritage.
Origin of the proposal
The project was supported by five First Nations reservations including Poplar River First Nation , Little Grand Rapids First Nation , Pauingassi First Nation , Pikangikum First Nation , and Bloodvein First Nation . The area also includes the Manitoba Provincial Wilderness Park of Atikaki Provincial Park and the Ontario Woodland Caribou Provincial Park . The proposal started with the signing of the Protected Areas and First Nation Resource Stewardship in 2002 by the First Nations Little Grand Rapids, Pauingassi, Poplar River and Pikangikum. In 2004, Parks Canada on behalf of the Canadian central government put the project under the criteria (v), (vii), (ix), and (x) as a mixed cultural and natural site on the tentative list , the candidate list of objects proposed as world heritage sites .
Benefit of the suggestion
Pimachiowin Aki Corporation believes that UNESCO World Heritage status would have many advantages for the First Nations people who live there. For example, for groups that live near the area, as a source of new self-confidence and also greater worldwide attention. The Pimachiowin Aki Corp. believes that this way more visitors from all over the world would visit the area, who could be introduced to the culture of the indigenous people through presentations. In addition, facilities would be created to take care of the visitors, jobs through guided tours, fishing trips, artists, people who could convey the Anishinabe culture and help from other organizations from government, business and volunteers to organize the facilities, also to be able to say more how to do it protect the country and manage it in the future.
Manitoba Hydro planned a power line called Bipole III through the designated area. A few days before the end of his tenure as Prime Minister of the Province of Manitoba, Gary Doer announced that the government is giving the trust fund $ 10 million to build a UNESCO World Heritage Station on the east side of Lake Winnipeg to promote the nomination. The NDP feared that the Bipole III route would jeopardize the nomination, which would be of greater benefit to the First Nations. The NDP proposed a longer and more expensive alternative route through western Manitoba to preserve the scenic integrity of the landscape in order to support the nomination as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Entry on the UNESCO World Heritage Center website ( English and French ).
- Pimachiowin Aki - The Land , Retrieved July 21, 2016.
- Pimachiowin Aki - The People , accessed July 21, 2016.
- Pimachiowin Aki Fact Sheet , accessed July 24, 2016.
- Doer announces $ 10-M UNESCO trust fund , Winnipeg Free Press . October 13, 2009. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
- Ethan Cable: West-side line is a $ 1.4 billion mistake, critics say , The Uniter . November 25, 2009. Retrieved July 24, 2016.