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The Promulgatio , more rarely also called Publicatio or Notificatio , is part of the form of medieval documents with which the publication of the exhibitor's declaration of intent is postulated and a sometimes defined public is invited to take note. The phrase Notum sit omnibus quod ("It is known to all that") expresses this concept most concentratedly, which predominates in traditional notes. With tam presentibus quam futuris (“the present as well as the future”) after omnibus, it can be made clear that the legal content is important in the future as well as for contemporaries.

In a document . Frederick II from May 1222 with which he imperial ban imposed on the citizens that have formed in Worms a city council is about: Presenti scripto notum fieri volumus universis imperil fidelibus tam presentibus quam futuris quod ... ( "with current We want all faithful of the kingdom, both present and future, to know that ... "). The announcement formula can address both a reader and a listener of the content, in many cases both, whereby all persons are meant who gain knowledge of the matter in one of these ways. In German-language documents it can say: Kunt sy allen invited who read this letter anesehent or horent, daz ... , as in a contract between the cities of Mainz , Worms , Speyer and Oppenheim from January 19, 1350.

The formula follows the Arenga , to whose motifs it can refer syntactically, for example with Igitur or Quapropter . So it says in a privilege of Frederick II for the citizens of Worms from 1236: Hac siquidem ratione ducti notum esse volumus tam presentibus quam futuris, quod ... ( Induced by this reason, we want that both the present and the future are known, that ...). The narration usually follows the promulgatio as a subordinate sentence, introduced with quod , qualiter or other appropriate conjunctions. If an arenga is missing, the promulgatio opens the context of the document form. Traditional notes and other simple forms of documents can begin directly with the promulgation. The formula is not constitutive for the legal validity of the document, it can therefore also be missing as in the papal documents or in mandates .



  1. ^ Rohr, Christian: Historical auxiliary sciences. An introduction, Vienna a. a. 2015, p. 46
  2. ^ Heinrich Boos : Document book of the city of Worms (Volume 1): 627 - 1300 - Berlin, 1886, p. 116 No. 155.
  3. ^ Heinrich Boos: Document book of the city of Worms (Volume 2): 1301 - 1400 - Berlin, 1890, p. 273 No. 401.
  4. ^ Heinrich Boos: Document book of the city of Worms (Volume 1): 627 - 1300 - Berlin, 1886, p. 129 No. 182

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