Government bunkers are protective structures for the government of a state. They are intended to ensure the state's ability to act, especially in the event of war, but also in the event of other crises and disasters .
Modern government bunkers can be built from concrete or in rock caverns . During construction, which is usually done underground, particular attention is paid to a high level of protection. Government bunkers from the Cold War era were supposed to withstand a nuclear attack and enable self-sufficient survival for a certain period of time.
In addition to bunkers for the government, protective structures for the command of the armed forces or other facilities of general interest (civil defense, payment transactions) were built. In Germany, in addition to the alternative seat of the federal constitutional organs, there were also protective structures for the state governments. Some former bunkers are now documentation centers or museums.
Well-known government bunkers
Well-known government bunkers are:
- North American Aerospace Defense Command ( USA )
- Diefenbunker ( Canada )
- Underground project 131 ( China )
- Alternative seat of the federal constitutional organs ( Federal Republic of Germany )
- Harnekop Bunker (GDR)
- Führerbunker ( German Empire )
- Operations center base room ( Austria )
- Stalin bunker ( Soviet Union )
- Bunker GO-42 ( Soviet Union )
- Imperial Headquarters Matsushiro ( Japanese Empire )
- Castle Gate ( Germany )
- West Star ( Italy )
- Proto (Italy)
- Alternative seat of the state government of Baden-Württemberg (Germany)
- Alternative seat of the state government of Bavaria (Germany)
- Alternative seat of the state government of Hesse (Germany)
- Alternative seat of the state government of North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany)
- Alternative seat of the state government of Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany)
- Alternative seat of the state government Saarland (Germany)
In Switzerland there are several ready-to-use government bunkers of the federal government and the cantons, which are known as command systems. In the event of a nuclear war, the Swiss government would seek refuge in the K20 command system near the Lötschberg tunnel . The information about non-declassified installations (i.e. also the K20 ) is subject to confidentiality according to the law on the protection of military installations and may not be published. In individual cases, journalists who provided information about the locations of the facilities in recent years have already been fined for this.
- Governmentdocumentation center. Retrieved February 11, 2020 .
- Bundesbank bunker. Retrieved February 11, 2020 .
- Postulate government. Civil conversion. In: The Federal Assembly - The Swiss Parliament. Retrieved April 29, 2008 .
- Inquiry about government bunkers in the cantons. In: The Federal Assembly - The Swiss Parliament. Retrieved April 29, 2008 .
- Michael Soukup: Deep in the Swiss Bunkerberg. In: Spiegel Online. August 26, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2008 .
- Fax affair: stage victory for freedom of the press. In: Comedia. April 17, 2007, accessed April 29, 2008 .