Reichsender Königsberg

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The Reichsender Königsberg was the regional broadcaster of the Reichs-Rundfunk-Gesellschaft (RRG) for East Prussia and a relay station in Königsberg, which emerged from Ostmarken Rundfunk AG (ORAG) .


Originally founded as "Ostmarken Rundfunk AG" with a 50 percent share of the Reichspost on January 2, 1924 in a barrack on the exhibition grounds, it set up the first broadcasting station on the Pregelwiesen in front of the Sackheimer Tor . The transmitter with a transmission power of 0.5 kilowatts already had a 45 meter high antenna. Official broadcasting began on June 14, 1924. In 1927, the new Königsberg-Amalienau transmitter was put into operation, which remained in operation until 1945 after the Heilsberg transmitter was completed. For economic reasons, the station was taken over by the exhibition company in 1929 at the instigation of the city of Königsberg. This made the Königsberg transmitter the only German broadcasting company owned by the city. In 1931 she already had her own orchestra with 59 orchestra members. In 1932, the RRG also nationalized the Königsberg transmitter. From 1930 he broadcast the Masurian song as a pause .

Opposite the regional and district court (Hansaring 14-16, today Prospect Mira 2 ), the "New Funkhaus" at Hansaring 21/25 (today Prospect Mira 1) with a total of seven transmission rooms was built in 1932/33 according to plans by the architect Hanns Hopp . The building survived the war and is still in very good condition today.

In January 1933, Ostmarken Rundfunk AG was converted into a GmbH with retroactive effect from January 1st . From May 1933, Siegfried Haenicke was the artistic director of Ostmarken Rundfunk GmbH .

Shortly after the seizure of power of the NSDAP regional companies came as branches of the Reichs-Rundfunk-Gesellschaft under the control of Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels . From April 1, 1934, the previous names were based on the scheme: Reichssender (headquarters) unified and the Ostmarken Rundfunk GmbH became the Reichssender Königsberg . Goebbels replaced Haenicke with Alfred Lau due to differences in June 1935 . The station broadcast the last program on April 7, 1945.


The station became known through the orchestra at the Reichssender Königsberg , which was built up by Hermann Scherchen , and through works by contemporary composers such as Otto Besch ( Kurische Suite , Ostpreußische Tänze ) and Herbert Brust ( Amber Cantata , Oratorio of Homeland ), but also with concert and Music programs by Erich Börschel , who directed the dance and entertainment orchestra and, together with the conductor of the radio orchestra Eugen Wilken, made the sparrow concert known throughout Germany. The last sound engineer at the Reichsender Königsberg was the composer Fritz Ihlau .

International shipments

"Radio Königsberg" was a propaganda program broadcast by the Reichsender Königsberg from 1940 until shortly before the end of the war . The editorial office was initially in Berlin . From there, due to the Allied air raids on Berlin, it moved to Koenigsberg and, when the Red Army advanced on Koenigsberg towards the end of the war , to Oslo .

Other personalities

Image gallery

See also


  • Joachim-Felix Leonhard (Ed.): Program history of radio in the Weimar Republic. 2 vol. Edited by the DRA . dtv, Munich 1997. ISBN 3-423-04702-X
  • Ulrich Heitger: From time signals to political means of leadership. Development tendencies and structures of the news programs of the radio in the Weimar Republic 1923-1932. LIT, Münster 2003. ISBN 3-8258-6853-2

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Buildings and facilities in Königsberg.
  2. ^ Andreas Möllenkamp: Orchestra and radio. History, structure and function of the German radio orchestra. (PDF; 272 kB) University of Leipzig, Institute for Musicology. Leipzig 2002.

Coordinates: 54 ° 43 '  N , 20 ° 30'  E