The ship class known as the Rheinstein class is a series of six cargo ships belonging to the North German Lloyd (NDL). As it was the first ship to be built after the end of World War II , the class marked an important step in the rebuilding of the shipping company.
After the Petersberg Agreement was signed in November 1949, the Allies' restrictions on the construction of seagoing ships were relaxed by the Potsdam Agreement . In Germany, cargo ships of up to 7,200 GRT were again allowed to be built and operated by German shipping companies. Almost immediately afterwards, Norddeutsche Lloyd ordered a series of six identical cargo ships from Bremer Vulkan in early 1950 . The lead ship, the Rheinstein , was launched on February 3, 1951. The series had been completely delivered by August 16, 1951. At the same time, the Hamburg-Amerika-Linie ordered six comparable ships of the Brandenburg class , which were delivered between 1951 and 1953 and used in the South American service operated jointly with the NDL.
Use at the NDL
Until 1959, all ships for the Central America service were registered with the Roland-Linie Schiffahrtsgesellschaft and were then incorporated directly into the NDL. After that, the ships were also used in the Canada / Great Lakes service and in the northern Brazil shipping area.
On October 20, 1964, the Ruhrstein suffered a collision with the small German coaster Gunda B. , which sank immediately, killing a sailor.
On October 5, 1969, the Ruhrstein collided with the Greek freighter Martha on a journey from Philadelphia to Hamburg near the Texel lightship and caught fire. She was first put aground near Den Helder , later recovered and towed to Bremerhaven on October 7th. In November 1969 the ship reached the demolition company Eisen & Metall in Hamburg, where it was scrapped.
The Emsstein collided with the Liberian freighter Olympic Pearl on October 6, 1966 on the St. Clair River on her 82nd voyage between Sankt Lorenz and Great Lakes . A fire broke out on the Emsstein , one of the forward hatches and parts of the engine room were full of water. The ship was aground off Sarnia and was later repaired in a shipyard in Québec .
After the remaining ships had passed into the joint ownership of the new Hapag-Lloyd when the NDL merged with HAPAG , they were sold to various shipping companies in the summer of 1971. Three ships alone were taken over by the Nelson Shipping Agency & Reederei in Vienna. The former Saarstein ran as Nelsons Murtal on February 28, 1972 after a rudder failure at Cap Fréhel on rocks, was later brought to Saint-Malo and scrapped at Eisen & Metall in Hamburg in May . The remaining four ships remained in service under different owners and names until 1980 and were then also canceled.
The ships of the series were conventional general cargo ships with superstructures just aft amidships above the propulsion system and versatile loading facilities. They were equipped with 12 conventional 3/5 tonne loading booms and 30 tonne heavy lift booms for taking over heavy lifts in hatch 3. In front of the superstructures there were three dry cargo holds, each with an intermediate deck, behind the superstructure. The hatches of the first four ships were closed with wooden hatch covers; the Emsstein and Ruhrstein received more modern MacGregor hatch covers.
In September 1964, the Innstein took part in a NATO sea maneuver. Twenty merchant ships from different nations and units of the British Navy took part in this exercise . Driving in convoy formation was practiced .
|The motor cargo ships of the Rheinstein class|
|Surname||Launch||delivery||Build number||measurement||Renaming and whereabouts|
|Rheinstein||3rd February 1951||March 15, 1951||809||2693 GRT||From October 14, 1980 demolition in Kaohsiung|
|Lahnstein||March 33, 1951||April 17, 1951||810||2693 GRT||From April 1980 demolition in La Spezia|
|Saarstein||March 31, 1951||May 17, 1951||811||2693 GRT||Walked on rocks at Cap Frehel on February 28, 1972 and broken off at Eisen & Metall in Hamburg on May 10, 1972|
|Innstein||May 8, 1951||June 16, 1951||812||2693 GRT||From May 22nd, 1980 demolition in Kaohsiung|
|Emsstein||June 16, 1951||July 16, 1951||813||2699 GRT||From April 29, 1980 demolition in Gadani|
|Ruhrstein||July 14, 1951||August 16, 1951||814||2697 GRT||On October 5, 1969, it caught fire after a collision and demolished from Eisen & Metall, Hamburg from November 1969|
- Günther Humbert: The "Rheinstein" class of the Rolandlinie, Bremen . In: Hansa . Vol. 88, No. 46/47 . Schiffahrts-Verlag "Hansa" C. Schroedter & Co., Hamburg November 1951, p. 1644-1651 .
- Arnold Kludas : The ships of the North German Lloyd . 1857 to 1970. Weltbild Verlag, Augsburg 1998, ISBN 3-86047-262-3 .
- See ASMZ No. 11/1964 - Foreign Armies, NATO