The last name comes from a certain Ridolfo di Diotifeci Fecini and comes from the Latin Ridolphus. The genitive, which has a patronymic function, is therefore Ridolphi and would be translated in German as by Ridolfo . The family has been patrician since March 29, 1751.
In the second half of the 13th century there were three families in Florence who had the surname Ridolfi. Depending on where the families lived, they had a different suffix. There were the Ridolfi di Ponte , the Ridolfi di Borgo and the Ridolfi di Piazza.
The Ridolfi di Ponte , from the bridge , were so named because they lived near Ponte Vecchio, in the S. Spirito district, in the Banner della Scala (from the stairs). They came from Fiesole and were inscribed in the "Golden Book" of the noble Florentine families. The family died out when Zanobi's daughter married Pietro Mancini without any further successors .
The second family, the Ridolfi di Borgo , from the hamlet , also came from Fiesole and lived, as the name suggests, in the hamlet of S.Jacopo, in the banner of "del Nicchio" (from the shell). There were 9 banner masters and 41 priors in the family. It died out in 1654.
The most important family that still exists today is that of the Ridolfi di Piazza , from the town square . They lived in the square of the S. Felice church, under the banner "della Ferza" (of the whip). They came and still come from the dealer Ridolfo di Diotifeci Fecini. He came from the Castle of Poppiano in the Val di Pesa and moved in the second half of the 18th century to the Florentine district of Oltrarno, to the community of San Frediano, more precisely in Via Maggio, where the family palaces still stand today. He and his descendants were buried in Carmine Church. In the family there were 13 senators, two cardinals , a state chancellor , 52 banner lords and 21 priors of justice, who for us mean "head of state". This number has never been exceeded by any other Florentine family .
There is something in the lost documents about many Ghibelline (anti-clerical) Ridolfi. One knows a Lorenzo di Antonio Ridolfi (1362-1442) (in the Italian Renaissance the names of the fathers were included, therefore Lorenzo di Antonio), ambassador of the Medici , rich merchant and legal scholar, who for his skills and virtues of Robert of Bavaria for Palatine was appointed. He was also very famous because he himself formed the coalition between Florence and Venice against the Duke of Milan . Thus began the rise of the Ridolfi to the nobility .
Lorenzo and his son Antonio were friends of the Medici family. Bartolomeo di Niccolò Ridolfi and Bartolomeo di Jacopo Ridolfi (1420–1457) were also friends of the Medici. The Florentine ambassador Antonio di Jacopo (1454–1499) was sent to Pisa to represent the Medici. He was a friend of Lorenzo il Magnifico . Giovanni Battista di Luigi (1448–1514), who was a supporter of Savonarola and ambassador of the Florentine army in Pisa, was hostile to the Medici. Another conspirator was Piero di Lorenzo Ridolfi. He was banished from the Florentine state because he was considered a conspirator against the Medici rule. His son was also a conspirator who participated in the Strozzi conspiracy.
The Ridolfi family received the title of margrave of Baselice in the empire of Naples from Philip II of Spain in 1602 . Then the family (Ferdinando Ridolfi) received the title of nobility of the Marquis of Montescudaio and Guastalla from the Grand Duke Ferdinando II of Tuscany.
A subsidiary tribe of the Ridolfi are the Stiozzi Ridolfi. A certain Filippo, called Pippo di Piero di Lippo Stiozzi, came from Montelupo and was a weaver. He moved to Florence in 1427. His successors settled in Florence in the 16th century.
The Stiozzi Ridolfi came into being when the 3rd Margrave Niccolò Ridolfi decided to choose the Stiozzi as his successor. With the death of Anton Filippo Stiozzi Ridolfi, a boy named Girolamo De Cepperello was adopted and Giuseppe Stiozzi Ridolfi's successor was named. The title of margrave was passed on to Ignazio di Giovan Francesco Ridolfi after the death of Giuseppe Stiozzi Ridolfi. He belonged to the tribe of the Ridolfi di Meleto, who descended from the di Piazza tribe.
In the years after 1820 the Margrave Cosimo Ridolfi was very famous because, together with Viessuex and Lambruschini, he founded the "Accademia dei Georgofili", of which he later became president. He founded an agricultural school on his property in Meleto in the Val d'Elsa. He also founded the world's first agricultural university in Pisa. He also founded the bank "Cassa di Risparmio di Firenze". Cosimo Ridolfi was also State Consul (1847), Minister of the Interior, Minister of Education, Senator and State Chancellor.
His son Luigi (1827–1909), of course also Margrave of Montescudaio and Guastalla, was director of various banks. He was a senator. His son Carlo became margrave after the death of his father (1909). The margrave title was then passed on to Luigi, his brother's son. Luigi (1896–1958) founded the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, the Centro Tecnico Federale di Coverciano dedicated to him and the football team AC Fiorentina . His brother Roberto (1899-1991) was a historian and biographer of Macchiavelli and Savonarola.
Other important people
- Roberto di Paguzzo Ridolfi planned a conspiracy against Elizabeth I of England in 1570 , hence the name Ridolfi Conspiracy
- Bernardino Ridolfi was the captain of two warships in the Battle of Lepanto
- Persiano Ridolfi was a partisan captain against fascism
- Lorenzo Ridolfi (1362–1443), Italian lawyer, politician and diplomat from the Republic of Florence
- Carlo Ridolfi (1594–1658), Venetian painter and artist biographer
- Niccolò Ridolfi (1501–1550), cardinal and archbishop
- Niccolò di Giovanni Ridolfi, Bishop of Orvieto
- Filippo di Lorenzo Ridolfi († 1574), Bishop of Albi
- Ottavio di Giovanni Ridolfi (1582–1624), cardinal
- Lucantonio di Giovan Francesco Ridolfi (1587–1650), chief vicar of the Dominicans
- Francesco di Lorenzo († 1628), Abbot of San Antonio in Naples, Vice-Consul of the Crusca
- Ludovico di Giovan Francesco, Bishop of Patti (1649)
- Lorenzo Ridolfi (1362-1442)
- Antonio Ridolfi
- Giovanni Battista Ridolfi (1448-1514)
- Piero Ridolfi (1467-1525)
- Luigi Ridolfi (1495–1556)
- Piero Ridolfi
- Ferdinando Ridolfi
- Pietro Ridolfi
- Niccolò Ridolfi (1662–1727)
- Giuseppe Stiozzi Ridolfi
- Ignazio Ridolfi
- Luigi Ridolfi
- Cosimo Ridolfi (1794-1865)
- Luigi Ridolfi (1824–1909)
- Carlo Ridolfi (1858-1918)
- Luigi Ridolfi (1896-1958)
- Roberto Ridolfi (1899–1991)