Robert Davidsohn (born April 26, 1853 in Danzig , † September 17, 1937 in Florence ) was a German journalist and historian. He is known for Renaissance research and for the medieval history of Florence through his source works as well as through its history of this city.
After his first visit to Florence in 1884, the owner of the well-known Berlin stock exchange courier decided to change location and turned his back on journalism, which was rewarding but unsatisfactory for him . He began studying history in 1886, following the advice of Ferdinand Gregorovius in Heidelberg , not in Berlin . Two years later he was already doing his doctorate . In 1889 he settled in Florence. Since 1903 he was a member of the local Accademia della Crusca , from which he was excluded with effect from 1923 because of anti-Italian statements during the First World War . Since 1910 he was a foreign member of the Accademia dei Lincei in Rome and since 1920 of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences .
Davidsohn was probably the most important researcher in the Aby Warburg area . He also maintained friendly contacts with the economic historian Alfred Doren . Davidsohn experienced the same violent attacks by German historical science as u. a. Doren because he was of Jewish descent. His works on medieval Florence are still of fundamental importance today. He mainly pursued a social and cultural-historical approach. Nevertheless, he also found some recognition among specialist colleagues such as B. by Alexander Cartellieri , who in the journal Die Tat 19 (1927), issue 9, p. 690 f. reviewed the work of Davidsohn The Early Period of Florentine Culture , Berlin 1927.
Davidsohn wrote a war diary and an autobiography, the research and first edition of which is currently being devoted to a project at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich .
History of Florence . 4 volumes in 6 parts. ES Mittler & Sohn , Berlin 1896–1927.
- Volume 1: Older History (1896) ( digitized version )
- Volume 2: Guelphs and Ghibellines
- Part 1: Staufer Fights (1908) ( digital copy )
- Part 2: The Guelfs Rule and the Victory of the People (1908) ( digitized version )
- Volume 3: The last battles against imperial violence (1912) ( digitized version )
- Volume 4: The Early Period of Florentine Culture
- Part 1: Internal drives, external influences and political culture (1922) ( digitized version )
- Part 2: Commerce, guilds, world trade and banking (1925) ( digitized version )
- Part 3: Church and spiritual life, art, public and domestic existence (1927) ( digitized version )
Research on the history of Florence . 4 volumes. ES Mittler & Sohn , Berlin 1896–1908.
- Volume 1: Research on the older history of Florence (1896) ( digitized version )
- Volume 2: From the town books and documents of San Gimignano (13th and 14th centuries) (1900) ( digitized version )
- Volume 3: (13th and 14th centuries) 1: Regesting unedited documents on the history of trade, industry and guilds. 2. The blacks and the whites (1901) ( digitized version )
- Volume 4: 13th and 14th centuries (1908) ( digitized version )
- People I knew. Memories of an eighty year old . Edited by Martin Baumeister and Wiebke Fastenrath Vinattieri with the collaboration of Wolfram Knäbich. ( German historical sources of the 19th and 20th centuries , vol. 77). Duncker & Humblot , Berlin 2020, ISBN 9783428157167 .
- Bernardino Barbadoro: Davidsohn, Robert . In: Enciclopedia Italiana , Vol. 12, p. 417 Rome 1931 ( online ); Appendice I, 1938 Addendum to the date of death : September 20, 1937.
- Martin Baumeister : Historian between Two Fatherlands: Robert Davidsohn and World War I. In: Martin Baumeister u. a. (Ed.): Rethinking the age of emancipation. Comparative and transnational perspectives on gender, family, and religion in Italy and Germany, 1800–1918 , New York a. a .: Berghahn 2020, ISBN 978-1-78920-632-6 , pp. 263–285.
- Wiebke Fastenrath Vinattieri, Martina Ingendaay Rodio (eds.): Robert Davidsohn (1853–1937). Uno spirito libero tra cronaca e storia. I. Atti della giornata di studio, II. Gli scritti inediti, III. Catalogo della biblioteca (= Biblioteca dell '"Archivum Romanicum". Series I; Vol. 309). Leo S. Olschki, Florenz 2003, ISBN 978-88-222-5219-7 (see also the review by Markus Wesche at sehepunkte )
- Perdita Ladwig: The Renaissance Picture of German Historians 1890 to 1933. Campus, Frankfurt 2004, p. 45 ( excerpt from Google Books )
- Hans Conrad Peyer: Davidsohn, Robert. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 3, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1957, ISBN 3-428-00184-2 , p. 538 ( digitized version ).
- Ulrich Wyrwa (Ed.): Judaism and Historicism - On the emergence of Jewish history in Europe. Campus, Frankfurt 2003 ( excerpt from Google Books )
- Davidsohn, Robert. In: Lexicon of German-Jewish Authors . Volume 5: Carmo – Donat. Edited by the Bibliographia Judaica archive. Saur, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-598-22685-3 , pp. 324-329.
- Literature by and about Robert Davidsohn in the catalog of the German National Library
- Publications by and about Robert Davidsohn in the Opac der Regesta Imperii
- Research project Robert Davidsohn , Ludwig Maximilians University, Recent History - Contemporary History
- Martina Ingendaay Rodio, Marco Pinzani (Eds.): Lascito Davidsohn , Biblioteca Comunale Centrale, 'Florenz
- ^ Membership list of the Crusca .
- ^ Member entry by Robert Davidsohn at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences , accessed on January 23, 2017.
- ↑ Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich , accessed on May 18, 2017.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German historian|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 26, 1853|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Danzig|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 17, 1937|
|Place of death||Florence|