Roman Ghirshman

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Roman Girshman with his team in Tappe Sialk (Iran) in 1934 . Sitting from R to L: Roman Ghirshman, Tania Ghirshman and Dr. Contenau.

Roman Ghirshman (originally Russian Роман Михайлович Гиршман Roman Michailowitsch Girschman ) (born October 3, 1895 in Charkow , † September 5, 1979 in Budapest ) was a French archaeologist of Ukrainian origin. He was one of the pioneers in archaeological research in Iran , where he spent almost thirty years of his life. One of his most important achievements is the reconstruction of the history of the city of Susa up to the 13th century AD (approx. Five thousand years).


At the age of 22, the well-to-do Ukrainian and counter-revolutionary moved to Paris , where he studied archeology and ancient languages. He was particularly interested in the archaeological ruins of Iran , such as Tappe Giyan (near Nahavand , Hamadan ), Tappe Sialk , Begam (in Afghanistan ), Bischapur and Susa .

As head of the archaeological mission dispatched to Iran by the Louvre , Roman Ghirshman was among the first to uncover Tappe Sialk in the 1930s. His studies on Chogha Zanbil were published in four volumes. He also directed work on the island of Charg , Iwan-e Karche and the Parthian platforms in Masjed-e Soleiman near Izeh in Chuzestan .

With 300 articles and 20 books, Roman Ghirshman is one of the most productive and recognized experts on the subject of Ancient Iran . Some of his work on Susa has not yet been published, but helped other archaeologists such as Hermann Gasche in their follow-up studies in the 1960s and 1970s.

In 1972 he was elected a corresponding member of the British Academy .

Works (selection)

  • 1938: Fouilles de Sialk, près de Kashan , Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, Paris (2 vol.)
  • 1951: L'Iran des origines à l'Islam , Payot, Paris
    • 1954: in English: Iran, from the earliest times to the Islamic conquest , Penguin Books , Harmondsworth; reprinted 1961, 1978
  • 1970: Le Pazuzu et les fibules du Luristan , Impr. Catholique, Beyrouth
  • 1971: Persia, the immortal kingdom (together with VF Minorsky and R. Sanghvi)
  • 1976: L'Iran des origines à l'islam , nouvelle édition révisée et mise à jour, Paris
  • 1977: L'Iran et la migration des Indo-Aryens et des Iraniens , Leiden
  • 1979: La Tombe princière de Ziwiye et le début de l'art animalier scythe , Société iranienne pour la Conservation du Patrimoine, Paris

See also

Web link

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Deceased Fellows. British Academy, accessed May 31, 2020 .