The Romanovs are an old Russian noble family and, after the Rurikids, the second dynasty from which the Russian tsars emerged . Romanov is stressed on the second syllable ( ro'ma: nof ). The members of the House of Romanow-Holstein-Gottorp who succeeded the Romanovs are also often referred to as Romanovs and continued to carry the Romanov family name .
The ancestor of the Romanovs is the boyar Andrei Kobyla, who was of Ruthenian origin and came from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania . Andrei Kobyla moved to Russia during the reign of the Moscow Grand Duke Simeon Ivanovich (14th century). Since the beginning of the 16th century, the family called Sakharin-Yuryev. Anastassija Romanovna Zakharina became the wife of Ivan IV , and her brother Nikita Romanovich had an influential position at the court of the tsars . Since then the family has been called Romanov .
After the death of Tsar Fyodor I , Anastasia's son, a power struggle for the throne broke out. The son of Nikita Romanovich, Fyodor Nikititsch Romanow, who later became Patriarch Philaret , was defeated by Boris Godunov . After the Smuta , Fyodor Nikititsch's son Michael Fyodorowitsch was elected tsar by Semsky Sobor in 1613 and founded the Romanov dynasty.
His grandson Peter the Great made Russia a major European power . Only three of his daughters survived, one of them only a few days. With the death of his grandson Peter Alexejewitsch , the male line of the Romanovs died out. His daughter Elisabeth was the last Romanov on the throne. It was followed by Peter III in 1762 . , the son of Peters I, another daughter Anna Petrovna , who was married to Karl Friedrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf and founded the house of Romanow-Holstein-Gottorp .
- Matthias Stadelmann: The Romanovs. Kohlhammer Verlag, Stuttgart 2007. ISBN 978-3-17-018947-8