Rufino Jiao Santos

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Cardinal coat of arms of Rufino Jiao Santos

Rufino Jiao Cardinal Santos (born August 6, 1908 in Guagua , † September 3, 1973 in Manila ) was a Filipino clergyman of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop of Manila .


Rufino Santos studied in Manila, and later in Rome the subjects philosophy and Catholic theology . He received his doctorate in canon law and theology. In 1931 he received the sacrament of ordination and was then appointed pastor in the Archdiocese of Manila. From 1934 to 1938 he held leadership roles at the diocesan level. He spent a year in captivity during World War II and was only freed by American troops a few hours before his planned execution. From 1945 to 1947 he headed the administration of the Archdiocese of Manila as vicar general .

In 1947 he was appointed by Pope Pius XII. as titular bishop of Barca and auxiliary bishop in Manila. In 1949 he became Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Lipa and in 1950 Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Infanta . In 1951 Rufino Jiao Santos also took on the role of military bishop of the Philippines . In 1953 he became Archbishop of Manila. Pope John XXIII took him on March 28, 1960 as a cardinal priest with the titular church Santa Maria ai Monti in the college of cardinals . Rufino Jiao Santos participated in several sessions of the Second Vatican Council and was considered a member of the Coetus Internationalis Patrum . He died on September 3, 1973 in Manila and was buried in the local cathedral .


  • Carmencita H. Acosta: The life of Rufino Cardinal Santos . Philippine Edition Publ., Manila 1973

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predecessor Office successor
Gabriel M. Reyes Archbishop of Manila
Jaime Lachica Cardinal Sin