Samarra goods

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The old Orient
The city gate of Nimrud
Timeline based on calibrated C 14 data
Epipalaeolithic 12000-9500 BC Chr.
Pre-ceramic Neolithic 9500-6400 BC Chr.
PPNA 9500-8800 BC Chr.
PPNB 8800-7000 BC Chr.
PPNC 7000-6400 BC Chr.
Ceramic Neolithic 6400-5800 BC Chr.
Umm Dabaghiyah culture 6000-5800 BC Chr.
Hassuna culture 5800-5260 BC Chr.
Samarra culture 5500-5000 BC Chr.
Transition to the Chalcolithic 5800-4500 BC Chr.
Halaf culture 5500-5000 BC Chr.
Chalcolithic 4500-3600 BC Chr.
Obed time 5000-4000 BC Chr.
Uruk time 4000-3100 / 3000 BC Chr.
Early Bronze Age 3000-2000 BC Chr.
Jemdet Nasr time 3000-2800 BC Chr.
Early dynasty 2900 / 2800-2340 BC Chr.
Battery life 2340-2200 BC Chr.
New Sumerian / Ur-III period 2340-2000 BC Chr.
Middle Bronze Age 2000-1550 BC Chr.
Isin Larsa Period / Ancient Assyrian Period 2000–1800 BC Chr.
Old Babylonian time 1800–1595 BC Chr.
Late Bronze Age 1550-1150 BC Chr.
Checkout time 1580-1200 BC Chr.
Central Assyrian Period 1400-1000 BC Chr.
Iron age 1150-600 BC Chr.
Isin II time 1160-1026 BC Chr.
Neo-Assyrian time 1000-600 BC Chr.
Neo-Babylonian Period 1025-627 BC Chr.
Late Babylonian Period 626-539 BC Chr.
Achaemenid period 539-330 BC Chr.
Years according to the middle chronology (rounded)
A reconstructed bowl from Samara with a swastika in the center. Pergamon Museum , Berlin.

Samarra-Ware is the modern name of a particularly in the second half of the 6th millennium BC. Chr. In Mesopotamia produced ceramic goods. The production center of these goods is believed to be on the Tigris near Mosul . After her, a whole cultural horizon is called the Samarra culture. It is the oldest colored pottery in northern Mesopotamia.

The Samarra ware is painted and well fired. It shows sophisticated patterns, mostly in brown. There are geometrical, but also figurative representations. The pottery is handmade. They were first observed by Ernst Herzfeld and the German art historian Friedrich Sarre during the excavations of the Islamic city of Samarra and named after this location.

See also


  • Michael Roaf: Mesopotamia . Bechtermünz Verlag, Augsburg 1998, ISBN 3-86047-796-X , p. 48.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. in the Levant
  2. a b c d in southern Mesopotamia
  3. a b c in northern Mesopotamia
  4. ^ Stanley A. Freed: Research Pitfalls as a Result of the Restoration of Museum Specimens. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences , Volume 376, The Research Potential of Anthropological Museum Collections, pp. 229-245, December 1981.