Silesian radio lesson

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Former company building, now used by Radio Wrocław .

The Schlesische Funkstunde AG was a private radio company founded in Breslau / Wrocław . Your transmitter began operating on May 26, 1924 and broadcast a program on medium wave .

The transmission area of ​​the radio hour - the Silesian transmission district - comprised the area of ​​the then Oberpostdirektion (OPD) of Breslau, Opole and Liegnitz . The station's program guide appeared under the name “Schlesische Funkstunde”. The broadcasting corporation had its headquarters in Wroclaw, initially including the transmission system , which was replaced in 1932 by the new large broadcaster Rothsürben , around 15 km south of the city center. In addition, there were two secondary transmitters in Görlitz and Gleiwitz . The station Gleiwitz went down in history because of the bogus attack on the eve of World War II .

In 1932 the company was nationalized and became part of the Reichs-Rundfunk-Gesellschaft in the possession of the Deutsche Reichspost and the states of the Weimar Republic . During the Nazi dictatorship it completely lost its independence and was ultimately liquidated.


The Schlesische Funkstunde AG was founded on April 4, 1924 in Breslau. The stock corporation was founded by the physicist Otto Lummer , who works at the University of Breslau, and four business people. For the CEO of Franz hatter Schneiderhan was chosen. The composer Edmund Nick , who was Kapellmeister at the Breslauer Schauspielbühnen, took over the musical direction of the station. The editorial offices of the Schlesische Funkstunde were initially temporarily housed in the Oberbergamt in Breslau. At the beginning of May 1924, the first test broadcasts were sent. On May 26, 1924, the Silesian Radio Hour went on air. At the end of 1924 the station reached around 39,340 listeners and had revenues of 230,400 Reichsmarks , in 1931 the station had revenues of 2.6 million Reichsmarks and at the end of 1932 there were 234,300 listeners. From 1925 to 1933 the Schlesische Funkstunde belonged to the Reichs-Rundfunk-Gesellschaft (RRG).

On January 24, 1933, the AG was converted into Schlesische Rundfunk GmbH , a branch of the Reichs-Rundfunk-Gesellschaft. In 1933/34, the member companies of the RGG lost their independence in the course of the synchronization and were uniformly renamed Reichssender , including Schlesische Rundfunk GmbH, which was called Reichssender Breslau from April 1, 1934 . Then the company was liquidated. In 1940 a radio organ from the Rieger brothers was installed in the newly built broadcasting hall of the studio in Breslau . The transmitter was dismantled on February 7, 1945.

Today the radio station Radio Wrocław is located in the former building of the Silesian Radio Hour .

Secondary station Gleiwitz

The station initially only served as an intermediate station. In the spring of 1927 the first programs broadcast separately from Breslau ran. From July 1927 to mid-1930 the program “Slow Motion Pictures from Upper Silesia” was broadcast. In the fall of 1930 the series was continued under the name "Criss-Cross Through Upper Silesia".

Secondary station Görlitz

Since the Schlesische Funkstunde or the Reichssender Breslau in western parts of the province of Silesia ( Lauban / Bunzlau / Görlitz) was difficult to receive, the search for a transmitter location for better radio coverage was started in 1934. Finally, a suitable site was found in the city of Reichenbach / OL . In 1937 the construction of a 100-meter-high transmission mast began with an output of 5 kW. On April 1, 1937, the Wroclaw directorate founded a Görlitz department with the aim of finding suitable premises in the city for setting up a studio. In negotiations with the city administration, they were found in the so-called Ständehaus (on the promenade), whereby the coat of arms hall appeared to be a suitable place for concerts. The first trial broadcasts began just a few weeks later (May 2, 1937 at 2:50 p.m.). Since the test transmissions over the transmission mast in Reichenbach / OL. went well, the Görlitz transmitter was inaugurated on July 7, 1937. At that time it was considered to be the most technically and structurally modern radio station in the German Empire . It was broadcast on the same wave as Sender Gleiwitz ; on a so-called single wave - as was often the case back then. From now on, parts of the program from Görlitz flowed into the broadcasting sequence of the Reich broadcaster Breslau. Popular were military concerts from the Wappensaal . But above all he was supposed to bring folk Nazi propaganda to the nearby Sudetenland ; which had already happened before through the Breslau radio, but was not very effective because of the poor reception conditions near the border.

When the Sudeten area was annexed by the German Reich in the course of the Sudeten crisis in October 1938, the Czech broadcaster Schönbrunn (Czech: Svinov ) located in the border area came to the Reich broadcaster Breslau as the transmitter Troppau (Czech: Opava). From now on the station announcement was called Reichssender Breslau with the transmitters Gleiwitz, Görlitz and Troppau . The station in Görlitz lost its importance on July 9, 1940, when Goebbels ordered a "Reichsprogramm" and Breslau was only allowed to broadcast regionally for a few hours in the morning. At the end of the Second World War, the Görlitz / Reichenbach broadcaster played a certain role again. It is one of the last broadcasting locations that can spread Nazi perseverance propaganda (Goebbels' last big speech on March 9, 1945 from the Görlitz town hall ). On May 7, 1945, German troops blow up the transmitter mast in Reichenbach / OL.




Individual evidence

  1. Detlev Schuster: Diversity of opinion in the dual broadcasting system. Duncker & Humblot. Berlin, 1990. p. 25. ISBN 3428-06853-X .
  2. a b c German Broadcasting Archive: ( PDF )
  3. Internet site about Otto Lummer ( Memento of the original from April 14, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. ^ Radio culture and audio art: Between avant-garde and popular culture 1923–2001, Andreas Stuhlmann
  5. Zeitschrift für Instrumentenbau Vol. 63, 1942, No. 5/6, p. 32
  6. Zeitschrift für Instrumentenbau Vol. 63, 1943, No. 9/10, p. 57 (Disposition)
  7. Ulrich Heitger: "From time signals to political means of leadership" [1]
  8. Svinovský vysílač: nejprve Ukraden, odstřelen pak
  9. ^ "Theater and Media", Henri Schoenmakers