Palmer Archipelago

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Palmer Archipelago
Waters Southern ocean
Geographical location 64 ° 15 ′  S , 62 ° 50 ′  W Coordinates: 64 ° 15 ′  S , 62 ° 50 ′  W
Palmer Archipelago (Antarctic Peninsula)
Palmer Archipelago
Main island Anvers Island
Residents 20th

The Palmer Archipelago (also known as the Antarctic Archipelago , Archipiélago Palmer , Antarktiske Arkipel and Palmer Islands ) is an archipelago of mostly inaccessible islands off the Davis and Danco coasts of the Antarctic Peninsula . The chain of at least 50 named islands extends for about 250 km from Tower Island in the northeast to the Brabant , Anvers and Wiencke Islands in the southwest. The largest island, Anvers, covers 2432 km²; most of the islands are no larger than 10 km². The Gerlache Strait and the Orléans Strait separate the archipelago from the Antarctic Peninsula, the Bismarck Strait lies between it and the Wilhelm Archipelago .


The American seal hunter Nathaniel Palmer sighted the northern part of the archipelago and the north coast of the Trinity Peninsula on November 17, 1820 . In 1829 the British navigator Henry Foster named this part of the archipelago and the northern section of the Danco coast as Prince William's Land after the English heir to the throne William, Duke of Clarence and St. Andrews . Both Palmer and Foster were unaware of the nature of the object. It was not until the German polar explorer Eduard Dallmann identified the land masses sighted by Palmer and Foster as an archipelago during his Antarctic voyage (1873–1874). The Belgian polar explorer Adrien de Gerlache de Gomery explored it during the Belgica expedition (1897–1899) and named it after Palmer.

Research station in the Palmer Archipelago

The Palmer Station is a US permanent Antarctic station on Anvers Island . The Chilean Yelcho station is located on Doumer Island south of Anvers Island. On the small Goudier Island off the coast of Wiencke Island and on Wiencke Island at Jougla Point , the United Kingdom operated the Port Lockroy research station from 1944 to 1962 , whose buildings, which have now been converted into a museum, are now visited by cruise ships and in the Antarctic summer house a post office operated by the British Antarctic Heritage Trust . The Foundation's employees also do research, for example by counting the penguins several times in each breeding season.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ John Stewart: Antarctica - An Encyclopedia . Vol. 2, McFarland & Co., Jefferson and London 2011, ISBN 978-0-7864-3590-6 , pp. 1172-1173 (English).