The official passport of the Swiss Confederation is referred to as the Swiss passport or Swiss passport ( French Passeport suisse , Italian Passaporto svizzero , Romansh Passaport svizzer ) . In Switzerland, Swiss identity documents such as passports and identity cards are the responsibility of the Federal Police Office fedpol .
The first Swiss passports were issued in 1915; they were not yet in the familiar red, but were instead surrounded by a gray-green unprinted cover. The second series was created in 1932, these passports were brown at the time, but for the first time had an outside print, the center of which was adorned with the Swiss shield and since 1959 they have been in their characteristic red - until now - until 1985 the passport was in French , German , Italian and English (in this order) printed; In the series of Passes 85, the fourth, previously newly added, official national language ( Romansh ) was included in the passport and the order was changed to German, French, Italian, Romansh and English.
Structure of the pass 10
The new E-Pass 10 is equipped with an RFID chip (transponder). Passport 10 contains 40 numbered pages and an information card. 36 pages are available for visas and stamps. The first numbered page is used for the signature of the passport holder and official additions, the second and third numbered page lists the information on the info card translated into 26 different languages. The last numbered page 40 explains how to use the passport and contains the publisher's information in the four official languages of Switzerland: German, French, Italian and Romansh. Each page is designed differently: canton's coat of arms plus an architectural element on pages 8 to 33, colors of the background motif and see-through register.
The plastic card of the pass contains the following information:
- (left) photo of the passport holder
- Passport type (PA - without biometric data, PM - with biometric data, PD - «emergency passport» / temporary, PB - diplomatic passport)
- Passcode (CHE = C onfederatio He lvetica)
- Passport number (in the passport: passport no. )
- 1 name
- 2 first name (s)
- 3 nationality (Switzerland)
- 4 date of birth (dd.mm.yyyy)
- 5 gender (M / F)
- 6 size (cm)
- 7 Place of origin (usually differs from the place of birth. The latter is not in the passport)
- 8 Date of issue (in the passport: issued on )
- 9 Issuing authority (in passport: authority )
- 10 period of validity (in the passport: valid until )
The info card ends with the machine-readable zone (MRZ). The umlauts (ä, ü, ö) are written out (ae, ue, oe). Further special characters are implemented according to the specifications of the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization).
Names with special characters
Special characters cannot be used in the machine-readable zone of the passport. These are either circumscribed (e.g. M ü ller → M UE LLER) or replaced by simple letters (e.g. D é sir é e → D E SIR E E). This means that the name is written in two different ways in the document, which can cause confusion, especially abroad.
On page 1 of the Swiss passport there is an eleventh piece of information:
- 11 Official supplements (only entered at the request of the applicant)
The passport is written in full in the four national languages (German, French, Italian and Romansh) as well as in English (with the exception of the last page, which describes how to use the passport). The inside back cover explains in 13 languages, including 12 of those spoken in the EU (German, French, Italian, Romansh, English, Danish, Finnish, Greek, Irish, Dutch, Portuguese, Swedish, Spanish) that the Passport contains 40 numbered pages.
In the case of Passport 10, which will be issued from 2010, 13 additional languages have been added to page three in order to accommodate the foreign authorities of the EU, which was expanded by 10 countries in 2004, with the translation of the information card and the official remarks on page one to take into account the languages of the EFTA countries with Norwegian and Icelandic . This means that the Swiss passport now has a total of 26 languages and even exceeds the EU passports by three languages (Romansh, Icelandic and Norwegian).
Costs and fees
According to the ID Ordinance, the following fees currently apply:
- Application before the age of 18
- Identity Card (IDK) - 30 Swiss Francs
- Pass 10 - 60 Swiss Francs
- Combi (IDK and Pass 10) - 68 Swiss Francs
- Provisional passport - 100 Swiss Francs (validity: duration of the stay abroad, possibly for the duration required by the country of entry, but for a maximum of twelve months)
- Applications are submitted after the age of 18
- Identity Card (IDK) - 65 Swiss Francs
- Passport 10 - 140 Swiss Francs
- Combi (IDK and Pass 10) - 148 Swiss Francs
- Provisional passport - 100 Swiss Francs (validity: duration of stay abroad, possibly for the duration required by the country of entry, but for a maximum of 12 months)
Postage costs of five Swiss francs are incurred for each ID card . The passport and IDK are sent separately as they have different production facilities. Abroad, the identity card fees are calculated based on the equivalent value in the respective national currency and are to be paid in this, plus the shipping costs incurred for the country concerned.
The passes over time
Current - Pass 10
The technical standards for electronically readable passports (including e-passports or biometric passports) were set by the International Civil Aviation Organization ICAO, in which Switzerland is also a member. The USA had accelerated the work of the ICAO: They demanded that passports issued after October 25, 2006 must contain electronically readable data for visa-free travel in and through the USA.
The EU has also issued guidelines for electronic passports. Since 2006, the Schengen states have only been obliged to issue e-passports (with the exception of emergency passports / temporary passports). As an associated member of the Schengen Agreement, Switzerland is subject to the so-called EC Identity Card Regulation .
Since March 1, 2010, passport 10 has been issued, which is only available with biometric data - photo and fingerprints. Switzerland must issue passport 10 in order to continue to belong to the Schengen area. Apart from the data chip, pass 10 is practically identical to pass 03/06. The legal basis for Passport 10 was adopted after an optional referendum in the referendum on May 17, 2009 with 50.1% of the votes.
The passport is colored red and has Swiss crosses that you can feel on the envelope ( blind embossing ). The pass is marked with “Swiss passport” (German), “Passeport suisse” (French), “Passaporto svizzero” (Italian), “Passaport svizzer” (Romansh) and “Swiss passport” (English) in the upper right corner . Immediately below it is a Swiss cross in white. Pass 06 is also equipped with an RFID chip (transponder). The passport 06 was introduced from 2006 as a temporary solution. It should only be introduced until the definitive introduction of passport 10 via referendum, which now also contains biometric data. The passport 06 was only produced for a validity of 5 years because it was intended to collect experiences with this new version. The prices for this version were increased drastically because the circulation of this version was very small and the costs therefore had to be passed on to the citizen. The biometric passport 06, issued from 2006, also contains the logo of the RFID chip to identify biometric passports at the bottom right.
The older passport 03 is still valid, but could only be applied for until February 15, 2010 due to the Schengen area rules.
The provisional passport is often referred to as an emergency passport. According to the ID Card Ordinance, it can be issued in urgent cases if there is not enough time to obtain a proper passport, a valid ID cannot be handled and presented or a valid ID does not meet the requirements of a destination country. A provisional passport can also be issued if it is not possible to return to Switzerland without such a passport.
Technically speaking, the provisional passport is the same as passport 03. Even after March 1, 2010, the provisional passport will not contain any biometric data.
The provisional passport is clearly marked as such on the envelope and is also marked with a white ribbon on the lower edge. In contrast to Passport 03, the provisional passport only has 16 pages. Instead of a polycarbonate card, it contains a laminated security paper page with the personal details. The provisional passport complies with the international security requirements for such documents and is machine-readable.
The temporary passport must be applied for abroad via an embassy or consulate .
In Switzerland, for example, it can be applied for or issued by the municipality or the canton, but in particular by the airport police at Zurich / Kloten airport.
The pass is only valid for one trip, upon entry it is confiscated by Swiss customs .
Passport 03 was introduced on January 1, 2003 to replace Passport 85, as it no longer met international standards. Pass 03 is also the first pass that is initially equipped with a machine-readable polycarbonate card. Apart from the lack of biometric data, it is identical to passport 06.
The passport, introduced in 1985, does not contain a machine-readable information card. On the middle red front cover there is a large Swiss cross in the middle and "Swiss passport" written in five languages in the upper right corner. The security features are UV-reactive paper, watermarks with page numbers and Swiss crosses, guilloches with changing colors, see-through registers and printing elements with a tilting effect on the inside cover page. The photo was glued in and given two relief stamps. A black and white picture was also considered a valid photo. As with the older passports, the description of the person includes hair color and eye color.
The passport, which was introduced in 1959, has a dark red envelope with a Swiss coat of arms on the left, on the right of which the words “Passeport Suisse”, “Schweizerpass” and “Passaporto Svizzero” are listed on three lines. The inside pages are in four languages: French, German, Italian - the three official languages of the time - and English. Security features are watermarks and guilloches .
Passports from 1915 and 1932
The 1915 and 1932 passports do not contain any security features. The passport from 1915 was even handwritten and the Romansh description is missing on both passports. The photo in the 1915 passport also had no limit and was allowed to extend beyond the markings on the side edges.
Visa-free countries and countries that require a visa
There is no visa requirement for any country in Europe , North and South America or many other countries. Details are given in the graphic.
- ID cards and passports in Switzerland (official website in German, French and Italian)
- Swiss identity card law
- ↑ Fee / price and validity. (No longer available online.) Federal Office of Police, archived from the original on September 3, 2011 ; Retrieved September 20, 2011 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Pass 03. (No longer available online.) Federal Office of Police, January 25, 2010, archived from the original on January 30, 2010 ; Retrieved January 28, 2010 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Archived copy ( Memento of the original from January 13, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ a b http://www.ktipp.ch/themen/beitrag/1052256/Teurer_Spass_Schweizer_Pass_fuer_Vergessliche
- ↑ a b http://www.ktipp.ch/themen/beitrag/1014875/Spezielles_Buero_in_Zuerich-Kloten_steller_jaehrlich_5000_Paesse_aus_-_Im_Notfall_hilft_ein_Notpass
- ↑ Introduction of visa-free entry to Belarus (for a period of up to 30 days) - Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Swiss Confederation. Retrieved September 11, 2019 .