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Svobodka (Czech Republic)
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Basic data
State : Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
Region : Plzeňský kraj
District : Tachov
Municipality : Neck
Area : 411.9914 ha
Geographic location : 49 ° 49 '  N , 12 ° 35'  E Coordinates: 49 ° 48 '48 "  N , 12 ° 34' 54"  E
Residents : 76 (March 1, 2001)
Postal code : 347 01
License plate : P

Svobodka (German: Frauenreith ) is a district of the Czech community Halže in the Okres Tachov . The place is west of the town of Tachov (Tachau) in the Upper Palatinate Forest (Český les), near the border crossing to the Federal Republic of Germany in the town of Bärnau (Bavaria). The Lučina dam is located 1 km southwest of the village .


Frauenreith is called "Frawenreuth" in the land register of the city of Tachau in 1552 , but it was created much earlier, possibly as early as the 14th century. In 1605 the place consisted of 15 properties. After the Thirty Years' War in "Frodraith" 11 chalupners , 2 gardeners (small farmers ) and a burned-down and a deserted property were counted. The village belonged to the Tachau lordship.

In 1788 the village consisted of 29 houses, in 1838 of 30 houses. In 1945 number 63 was the highest house number. The population census in 1930 showed 302 inhabitants, in 1939 there were 333 people.

The pastoral care for the residents was carried out from Tachau, but the church service in Hals was only half as far for the village population. The statue of St. Joh. Nepomuk from 1830 was created by Georg Böhm , who was born in Frauenreith in 1789 and lived and worked in nearby Schönbrunn, today: Studánka , until his death in 1853 .

In Frauenreith there was a glass grinding shop of the Jewish company Fleischner and Adalbert. At the beginning of the 20th century, this company was sold and converted for the Kroha wood turning shop (No. 31). In 1906 Hans Kroha from Sorghof bought the former grinding plant for a shoe last factory and wood turnery.

Before the Second World War, the community owned the school (No. 45) and the parish hall (No. 23), plus around 70 hectares of land.

Only about a third of the villagers recently made a living from agriculture alone. The majority worked in companies in neighboring towns or as forest workers. Of the mills that formerly belonged to Frauenreith, the Spirkmühle (No. 25) is mentioned as early as 1607 in the Green Urbar.

After the Munich Agreement , the place was added to the German Empire and until 1945 belonged to the Tachau district .

The Second World War ended for the population with the invasion of American troops, who entered the town without a fight. In the autumn of 1946, all of the forcibly evacuated Germans had left the village. After the war, the municipality lost its independence and became part of Halže . In 1991 the place had 60 inhabitants. In 2001 the village consisted of 31 houses in which 76 people lived.


  • Josef Schnabl (arrangement): Home atlas of the former political district Tachau-Pfraumberg. (Based on the collection of rescued maps, plans, photos and records from the local supervisors and residents of the former communities) . Local history working group of the Tachauer, Geretsried 1973.
  • Zdeněk Procházka : Tachovsko = Tachau District (= Český les. Historicko-turistický průvodce. = Historical-tourist guide. 2). Nakladatelství Českého Lesa, Domažlice 1994, ISBN 80-901122-2-6 .

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Individual evidence