Tilman Struve

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Tilman Struve (born April 5, 1938 in Dresden , † December 14, 2014 in Düsseldorf ) was a German historian .

The son of a businessman received his doctorate in Tübingen in 1968/70 with a thesis on Lampert von Hersfeld supervised by Heinz Löwe . From 1969 to 1978 he was a research assistant. He completed his habilitation in Stuttgart in 1976 with the thesis The Development of Organological State Conception in the Middle Ages . In 1982 he became an adjunct professor in Stuttgart. Struve was a substitute professor at the University of Mainz (1982) and the University of Tübingen (1983/84). In 1984 he became a full professor for medieval history at the University of Wuppertal . From 1995 until his retirement in 2003 he taught as the successor to Odilo Engelsas professor for the history of the Middle Ages with a focus on the Early and High Middle Ages at the University of Cologne . Klaus Zechiel-Eckes succeeded him in Cologne in the 2003/04 winter semester. Struve was a member of the German commission for processing the Regesta Imperii .

His main focus of work was the political theory of the Middle Ages and the Salian period . In his dissertation on Lampert von Hersfeld he was able to shed light on the peculiarities of the work, which has long been controversial in research. The conservative Lampert's historical work was about the preservation of the old, Christian-monastic and political values, which he saw interrupted during the reign of Henry IV and restored with the election of the anti-king Rudolf von Rheinfelden in 1077. In his habilitation, Struve followed the history of the body metaphor in state-philosophical writings, prince mirrors and journalism from antiquity to the late Middle Ages.

Struve was one of the best connoisseurs of Henry IV's time. Together with Heinz Löwe, he worked out the registers of Henry IV and was their project manager for many years. The first delivery covering the period from 1056 to 1065 appeared in 1984. Struve's research from the 1980s on the Empress Agnes von Poitou , the mother of Henry IV and the widow of Henry III. , led to a more positive assessment of their reign than in older historiography. Struve's work makes it clear that Agnes systematically withdrew from the imperial government. In autumn 2006, on the occasion of the 900th anniversary of Henry IV's death, Struve organized a conference in Cologne on “The Salians, the Reich and the Lower Rhine”. The conference proceedings on general and regional aspects of the Salier period were published in 2008. In 2010, together with Gerhard Lubich and Dirk Jäckel, he published the second delivery of the Regesta, which ran until 1075.

Twelve essays by Struve from 1973 to 2003 on the political theory of the High and Late Middle Ages were republished in 2004. Thematically, the contributions deal with the importance and function of organism comparison for the concept of the empire, the reception of Aristotelian and Roman state theories, the position of kingship in the political theory of the Salier period up to the late medieval imperial reform . Twelve of his articles on Henry IV from 1982 to 2002 were republished in 2006.

Fonts (selection)


  • The development of the organological conception of the state in the Middle Ages (= monographs on the history of the Middle Ages. Volume 16). Hiersemann, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-7772-7805-X .
  • The regests of the empire under Henry IV. 1056 (1050) –1106 . 1st shipment: 1056 (1050) -1065. Böhlau, Cologne et al. 1984, ISBN 3-412-07083-1 (Regesta Imperii III, 2).
  • The Salians and Roman Law. Approaches to the development of a secular theory of rule in the time of the investiture dispute. Steiner, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-515-07533-X .


  • The Salians, the Reich and the Lower Rhine. Böhlau, Cologne et al. 2008, ISBN 978-3-412-20201-9 .
  • with Heinz Löwe: Religiousness and Education in the Early Middle Ages. Selected essays. Böhlau, Weimar 1994, ISBN 3-7400-0920-9 .


  • Who is who? The German Who's Who. L. Edition 2011/2012, p. 1163.

Web links


  1. ^ Tilman Struve: Lampert von Hersfeld. Personality and worldview of a historian at the beginning of the investiture dispute. In: Hessisches Jahrbuch für Landesgeschichte , Vol. 19 (1969), pp. 1–123 and ibid. In: Hessisches Jahrbuch für Landesgeschichte, Vol. 20 (1970), pp. 32–142.
  2. Detailed review of this work by Walter Ullmann in: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte, Canonical Department 66, 1979, pp. 338–350.
  3. ^ Hans-Werner Goetz: The investiture dispute in German historiography from Lampert von Hersfeld to Otto von Freising. In: Canossa. Shaking the world. History, art and culture at the rise of the Romanesque. Essays (volume accompanying the exhibition catalog). Munich 2006, pp. 47–59, here: p. 49.
  4. ^ Tilman Struve: The Rome trip of the Empress Agnes. In: Historisches Jahrbuch , Vol. 105 (1985), pp. 1–29; ders .: Two letters from the Empress Agnes. In: Historisches Jahrbuch , Vol. 104 (1984), pp. 411-424.
  5. Tilman Struve (Ed.): The Salians, the Empire and the Lower Rhine. Cologne et al. 2008.
  6. ^ Tilman Struve: State and Society in the Middle Ages. Selected essays. Berlin 2004.
  7. ^ Tilman Struve: Salierzeit im Wandel. On the history of Henry IV and the investiture controversy. Cologne et al. 2006.