Tityos ( Greek Τιτυός ) is in Greek mythology an earth-born giant from the island of Evia , a son of Gaia , in another version a son of Zeus with Elara . According to this, Zeus hid Elara after he had impregnated her from his jealous wife Hera in the earth ( Gaia ). The mother died giving birth to the huge child.
When the giant met the beautiful Leto , he tried to rape her. Leto called for help, and their children Apollon and Artemis struck Tityos with their arrows. As a punishment for the crime, he was banished to the Tartaros , where two vultures have been feeding on his liver and heart, which is constantly growing again. Along with Sisyphus and Tantalus, he is one of the three great sinners in Greek mythology.
Representations in the fine arts
- Tizio con l'avvoltoio , terracotta by Giovanni Battista Bolognini (around 1736) - Strada Maggiore 51, Bologna
- Tizio , painting by Tiziano Vecellio , 1548–1549, in the Prado, Madrid
- Paul Dräger : Tityos. In: The New Pauly (DNP). Volume 12, Metzler, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-476-01470-3 , column 634 f.
- Rainer Vollkommer: Tityos . In: Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC). Volume VIII, Zurich / Munich 1997, pp. 37-41.
- Otto Waser : Tityos . In: Wilhelm Heinrich Roscher (Hrsg.): Detailed lexicon of Greek and Roman mythology . Volume 5, Leipzig 1924, Sp. 1033-1055 ( version ).
- Tityos in the Theoi Project