Troitsk (Moscow)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Central Russia
City with
subject status
Administrative district Troitsk
First mention 1646
District since 2012
surface 15  km²
population 39,873 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 2658 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 175  m
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code (+7) 496
Post Code 142190, 142191
License Plate 77, 97, 99, 177, 197, 199, 777
OKATO 45 298 578
Geographical location
Coordinates 55 ° 28 ′  N , 37 ° 18 ′  E Coordinates: 55 ° 28 ′ 0 ″  N , 37 ° 18 ′ 0 ″  E
Troitsk (Moscow) (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Troitsk (Moscow) (Moscow)
Red pog.svg
Location in Moscow

Troitsk ( Russian Троицк ) is a district of the Russian capital Moscow with 39,873 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010). The place is considered a science center ( Naukograd ) , received city rights in 1977 and was incorporated into the newly created Moscow administrative district of Troitsk in 2012 .

Troitsk is located about 38 kilometers southwest of Moscow city ​​center on the " Kalugaer Chaussee" ( A130 ), not far from the Desna river .


A residential area in Troitsk

The northern urban area of ​​Troitsk comprises a village-like settlement, the beginnings of which date back to the late 17th century. The Bogorodski church located there was built at the instigation of Prince Repnin in 1674 and 1675. In 1797, the Moscow merchant P. Prokhorov founded a cloth factory here , which in later years specialized in the manufacture of military uniforms. A small factory settlement formed. The "Troitsk Worsted Yarn Factory " ( Russian "Троицкая камвольная фабрика" , Troitskaya Kamvolnaja Fabrika) produces at the same place today .

Until 1928 the place was called Troitskoye ( Троицкое ), then Troitski ( Троицкий ) until it was granted city rights in 1977 . From 28 February formed Troitsk 2005 as its only destination in a same city district of Moscow Oblast . On July 1, 2012, the city district was connected to the city of Moscow . Since then, Troitsk has been one of ten municipalities (posselenije) to their administrative district Troitsk, which was named after the former city.

Population development

year Residents
1939 2,042
1959 5,142
1970 10.172
1979 22,365
1989 29,301
2002 32,653
2010 39,873

Note: census data


The Soviet Academy of Sciences had established several research institutes in Troitsk from 1960. These research z. B. in the field of general and nuclear physics, quantum electronics and astrophysics.

There are also medical research institutes that, among other things, carry out proton treatments on patients.


Local public transport between Troitsk and Moscow ( metro station “Тёплый Стан” , “Tjoply Stan” on the Kalushsko-Rishskaya line ) is handled by frequent commuting buses 398 and 433.

Troitsk could not be connected to the railway network because the physical institutes located there use equipment that is sensitive to vibrations, which would be disturbed by passing trains.

Town twinning

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. Partnership Association Wächtersbach-Troizk e. V.

Web links

Commons : Troitsk (Moscow)  - collection of images, videos and audio files