Venetian Renaissance Antiqua
The Venetian Renaissance Antiqua is a font class according to DIN 16518 . This Renaissance Antiqua , also known as the Old Style Antiqua or older Antiqua, is the predecessor of the French Renaissance Antiqua . It describes the oldest typesetting , which were created on the basis of the handwritten humanistic minuscule in connection with the capital letters from the Roman capitalis .
In the English-speaking world, instead of Venetian Renaissance Antiqua, the term humanist is common, in France humanes , in Holland humanen and in Italy Veneziani . The name "Humanist" refers to the development of this typeface from the handwriting culture of Renaissance humanism .
There are hardly any fonts of the older types on the market.
The original form of the Antiqua typefaces is clearly characterized by writing with a broad nib . The distinguishing features of the Venetian Renaissance Antiqua are the inclination of the horizontal line of the small e, the inclined upper serifs derived from the painting with the pen, the often rounded serif ends, the low minuscule height, relatively small differences in line width, an inclined shadow axis of the curves, the good line management thanks to the concise character shape and, thanks to the clearly noticeable writing style, lively typeface. Another distinguishing feature is that the serifs of the uppercase N and M are absent or aligned across both sides.
The cursive was not developed from the normal style of the Antiqua, but independently from the humanistic cursive , the original form of the Latin script . Therefore, their glyphs differ significantly from those of the normal style. Fats are usually missing or added much later.
- Jenson ( Nicolas Jenson 1470, pupil of Johannes Gutenberg ), variants: Centaur (1916), Legacy , Adobe Jenson Pro
- Kennerley Old Style ( FW Goudy 1911-20)
- Horley Old Style ( Monotype 1925)
- Schneidler Mediaeval ( FH Schneidler 1936)
- Californian ( FW Goudy 1938), variant: Berkeley Old Style (Tony Stan 1983)
- Weidemann ( Kurt Weidemann ), designed 1979 as Biblica , since 1983 ITC Weidemann
- Giovanni ( Robert Slimbach , 1989)
- Karl Vöhringer: Getting to know printed matter, applying differentiating . Verlag Forum und Technik, Stuttgart 1989, ( technical publication series of the industrial union Medien 1, ZDB -ID 1064778-8 ).