The word chairman is linguistically the noun agentis of chair , the function of chairman. His official title can also be, for example, President , General Manager or First Director . The word chairman first appeared in 1777 with Justus Gottlieb Rabener . While the question of the chairmanship does not arise in the case of the individual body , the collegiate body elects the chairman of the collegial body either from its members or another body . For example, the supervisory board of a German stock corporation elects a chairman and at least one deputy from among its members in accordance with (1 ) AktG , because the supervisory board consists of at least three members ( AktG).
The chairman is usually not a superior or superior of the other members of the collegial body. It regulates the administrative tasks , conducts negotiations , coordinates the agenda , conducts time management , leads polls by and announce decisions . The chairman of the supervisory board, for example, calls the meeting in accordance with (1) AktG. Minutes of the meetings is a transcript to customize, the chairman shall sign ( para. 2 AktG). If the supervisory board appoints several people as members of the management board, the chairman of the supervisory board can appoint one member to be chairman of the management board ( (2) AktG). He is the chairman of the general meeting . That is why the chairman of the supervisory board has a special position: he can only perform most of his duties with the other members of the supervisory board (he is a collegiate body), and he acts as an individual body in leading the general meeting. In companies with codetermination , the supervisory board elects a chairman and a deputy from among its members ( (1) MitbestG ). The chairman of the board represents the board of directors as a collegial body, he is the leader of board meetings and coordinator of board work, but does not have to be the board spokesman at the same time.
Depending on the type of collegial body, there are chairpersons of the advisory board ( scientific advisory board at the Federal Ministry of Finance ), committee ( parliamentary control body ), collegial court ( chairing judge ), organ ( chairman of the board of directors , chairman of the supervisory board ), politics ( chairman of a parliamentary group , chairman of a party ), council body ( chairman of the works council , Federal Council , Bundestag , Municipal Council , Staff Council , City Council , Chairman of the Council of State ) or administrative advisory board . The administrator assumes the chairmanship of the apartment owners' meeting ( (5 ) WEG ).
- Gerhard Köbler : Etymological legal dictionary . Mohr, Tübingen 1995, ISBN 3-16-146420-6 . Here p. 454.
- Helmut Kurt Weber: Industrial Management . Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg 1999, ISBN 978-3-642-58421-3 , p. 417 , doi : 10.1007 / 978-3-642-58421-3 ( excerpt from GoogleBooks [accessed February 20, 2020]).
- Marcus Werner (ed.), EDV- und Internetrecht - Erluerungen uns Muster , 2008, p. 413, ISBN = 978-3-8240-0547-5