The term election officer refers to the person or institution who organizes and monitors political elections .
In addition to organizing, the election supervisor's tasks are to lead the election committee , review the nominations and, in some countries, draw lots in the event of a tie. In some countries the election officer or the relevant authority also keeps the electoral roll .
Organization of the electoral authorities in different states
Elections at the federal level are organized in Germany by the Federal Returning Officer , who is appointed by the Federal Minister of the Interior . The federal states have regional returning officers for state-wide elections . Traditionally, the office is taken over by the President of the Federal Statistical Office or by the Presidents of the respective State Statistical Offices. The manager of a polling station is not referred to as an election officer, but as an election officer .
In Austria elections are organized by electoral authorities, which are newly formed for each election. At the federal level, this is the federal electoral authority , chaired by the Interior Minister . At the lowest level, the Austrian election supervisor corresponds to the German election officer.
In Switzerland , like in Germany, the heads of the statistical offices are election officers at cantonal and federal level.
In Australia , elections are organized by the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC), and there are also agencies for the states. The AEC also manages the electoral roll ( Commonwealth electoral roll ). The AEC is headed by one of the judges or former judges of the Federal Court of Australia as chairman, the Electoral Commissioner and a non-lawyer, usually the head of the Federal Statistical Office.
In Ireland is Returning officer (German: Returning Officer) for each of the constituencies by the Minister of Environment and Local Administration ( Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government ) appointed, which is a City or County Sheriff or County Registrar act must .
In Canada , the elections are organized by the Chief Electoral Officer (in Québec also Directeur général des élections ), who is determined by Parliament. Normally he remains in office until he is 65 years old, he can only be removed from office after an indictment and a majority in the lower house and in the senate.
In Great Britain there has been an independent Electoral Commission since 2001 , which monitors elections and reports to Parliament. The election officers for the constituencies in England , Wales and Scotland are the respective high sheriff or comparable officials. In Northern Ireland there is a Chief Electoral Officer , who appoints the local returning officer.
In Scotland it was suggested that Scotland should have its own Chief Returning Officer in order to consolidate the current shared responsibility for voter registration and the conduct of elections.
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- Website of the Austrian Ministry of the Interior
- Australian Electoral Commission
- Voting procedure in a European election Information from the Irish government on the European elections
- The Role and Structure of Elections Canada in Canada
- The Electoral Commission - About us
- Consultation on a Chief Returning Officer for Scotland