Wilhelm I (Flanders)

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Wilhelm I. Clito (born October 25, 1102 , † July 28, 1128 fallen near Aalst ) was titular Duke of Normandy . He was also by marriage from 1123 to 1124 Count of Maine and from 1127 Count of Vexin and Count of Flanders . He got his nickname Clito after the Latin Inclitus ( German  The Famous )


Wilhelm was the only son of Duke Robert of Normandy and Sibylle of Conversano († 1103). His grandparents were William the Conqueror and his wife Mathilde of Flanders .

Battle for Normandy

During Wilhelm's childhood his uncle, King Henry I of England occupied the Duchy of Normandy in 1105 and had imprisoned his father Robert since 1106. Wilhelm tried twice 1117-1119 ( Battle of Brémule ) and 1123-1124 unsuccessfully to regain the duchy.

After Henry's only legitimate son, William Ætheling , drowned in 1120 , Wilhelm Clito was traded as a possible heir to the throne - also in England.

Earl of Maine

1123 married Wilhelm Sibylle , the daughter of his ally Fulko V of Anjou , whereby he received the county of Maine as a dowry. In return, however, Heinrich I enforced the church annulment of this dangerous marriage in 1124.

Count of Vexin

In 1127 Wilhelm found support from King Ludwig VI. of France . This brokered him the marriage, Johanna von Montferrat, a daughter of the Margrave Rainer von Montferrat and half-sister of Ludwig's wife Adelheid von Maurienne . As a bridal gift he received the county of Vexin, which borders Normandy .

Count of Flanders

After his second cousin, Count Charles I of Flanders , died in 1127 without an heir, William succeeded in succeeding King Ludwig VI in the county of Flanders , also through the mediation of King Ludwig VI .

Since Wilhelm Clito wanted to use the acquisition of Flanders as a springboard for his claims to Normandy and England, Henry I provided financial aid for Wilhelm's opponents and thus contributed to the unleashing of an uprising - the Flemish cities had problems with an anti-England count for economic reasons. In February 1128, Saint-Omer and Ghent rose against William. His second cousin, Dietrich von Elsass , appeared as an opposing candidate . After initial military success, Wilhelm suffered a wound off Aalst, to which he finally succumbed in July 1128. He had no children, Dietrich von Elsass prevailed as his successor in Flanders.

Web links

Commons : Guillaume Cliton  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. JFA Mason: William (1103-1120). In: Henry Colin Gray Matthew, Brian Harrison (Eds.): Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , from the earliest times to the year 2000 (ODNB). Oxford University Press, Oxford 2004, ISBN 0-19-861411-X , ( oxforddnb.com license required ), as of 2004
  2. Dieter Berg: The Anjou Plantagenets: The English kings in Europe in the Middle Ages (1100-1500). Kohlhammer, 2003, ISBN 3-17-014488-X , p. 20
predecessor Office successor
Fulko V. of Anjou Earl of Maine
(de iure uxoris )
Gottfried V. of Anjou
French crown domain Count of Vexin
(de iure uxoris)
French crown domain
Charles I. Count of Flanders
Dietrich I.