The Nutritional Sciences ( Greek οἶκος oikos "house" τροφή trophic "diet" and -logie ) is the independent since the 1960s in Germany interdisciplinary study of nutrition and home economics , abbreviated EHW or HEW. The spelling of the foreign word is also not uniform: some universities and the professional association speak of ecotrophology .
The study of nutritional science is possible both at universities and at technical colleges . In the meantime, all universities have switched from the diploma degree ( Dipl. Oec. Troph. Or Dipl.-Oecotroph. ) To the tiered and modularized Bachelor and Master degrees; the academic degrees obtained are now called Bachelor of Science (BSc) or Master of Science (MSc). Due to the increasing profiling of the individual courses, these are more difficult to compare than before the changeover, when there was still a general diploma examination regulation. There are now specialized courses such as public health nutrition , nutrition and exercise or consumer science . In the case of a doctorate , the title Dr. oec. troph. awarded.
So the teaching areas are science subjects such as nutrition, including dietetics and health education , the sociological subjects such as nutrition sociology , household, consulting and consumer education and social policy , economics elements such as economics and human resource management as well as in utility -related household equipment and in the food industry relevant food technology or process technology . Interfaces between the disciplines form subjects such as nutritional ecology and nutrition in developing countries .
In the case of a university degree in nutritional science, these subjects in the main course build on the subjects treated as propaedeutics in the basic course ; These include botany and zoology , microbiology and hygiene , anatomy and physiology , chemistry and biochemistry , mathematics and statistics , food technology and science, economics and business administration , and sometimes physics or sociology .
According to the Federal Statistical Office, 9505 students were enrolled in bachelor's and master's degrees in the field of nutrition and household sciences in the 2012/2013 winter semester. Compared to the previous year, there was a slight increase of 2.5 percent. 28.4 percent of these students were in their first semester. The high proportion of women among the student body is remarkable. Only 16.2 percent of the students are male. The proportion of foreign students is 6.2 percent with 592 students. Almost all of the students were female.
In Germany, it is possible to study nutritional science at the following colleges and universities with different focuses and disciplines:
- Anhalt University of Applied Sciences (BSc, MSc)
- Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn (BSc Nutrition and Home Economics)
- University of Applied Sciences Fulda (BSc)
- Justus Liebig University Giessen (BSc, MSc)
- University of Applied Sciences Hamburg (BSc)
- Christian Albrechts University of Kiel (BSc)
- University of Applied Sciences Münster (BSc)
- Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences (BSc)
Fields of work
In their field of activity, ecotrophologists often represent an interface position between the end consumer and the food company or between society and the economy and accordingly communicate with a wide range of stakeholders.
Nutritionists work according to their education in very different areas: in lines of large households as canteens , hospitals or homes, in human resource development, in the utility management, consumer advice centers , in counseling individuals or groups, such as independent nutritionist or health insurance , in the Food and beverage industry, for example, as a product developer, in quality assurance, in quality management or in marketing . You can also find household and nutritionists in social and market research , in PR agencies or in science journalism . With a master’s degree, nutritionists also qualify for activities in research and teaching at universities and schools, for example as a technical or vocational school teacher.
- Gesa Schönberger (ed.): The future of nutritional science . Springer, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-540-67550-7 .
- Georg Karg (Hrsg.): Ecotrophology - science for people . Lang, Frankfurt am Main 1999, ISBN 3-631-33626-8 .
- Link catalog on the topic of nutritional science at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Ecotrophologist in Berufenet the Federal Employment Agency
- BerufsVerband Oecotrophologie e. V.
- VDL professional association - agriculture, nutrition, environment
- Education and culture. Students at universities (2012) , Federal Statistical Office
- 68. Students of agricultural, forestry and nutritional sciences (no year) , Federal Statistical Office (PDF file)