The word endings -skop and -skopie come from the ancient Greek σκοπεῖν skopein , German for ' to look at' . Mostly a process or a device technology (copy) or the associated device (scope) with which something is observed or measured is referred to. Both endings, -skopy and -skop, corresponding to one another, are not always in use, especially if there is no clear assignment of a device to a technology being used or no clear manipulation method to a defined device. The most common uses of the word endings -skopie and -skop can be found in medical technology , especially in gastroenterology and ophthalmology .
There are also exceptions to the device-related use of the word endings:
- Demoscopy (opinion research) and “Demoskop” for opinion researchers.
- Horoscope stands for a construct of interpretation. The term "horoscopy" does not exist.
- Hygroscopy describes a property and is therefore usually used as an adjective hygroscopic .
- Monoscopy does not exist as a noun, but the adjective monoscopic is used for the property of two-dimensional images without an impression of depth, in contrast to stereoscopic images
- Uroscopy or urination is a diagnostic procedure relevant to medical history that is not assigned to a specific device.
Exercise / device
- Dermoscopy / dermatoscope
- Special devices:
- Fluoroscopy / fluoroscope
Photo and film
- Electrotachyscope ("electrical fast viewer")
- Graphoscope (historical image viewing device , often in combination with a stereoscope )
- Iconoscope ( historical image pick-up tube )
- Kinetoscope ( historical film viewer )
- Phenakistiscope ( precursor to cinematography )
- Praxinoscope ( precursor to cinematography )
- Rotoscopy / rotoscope
- Dactyloscopy / not a directly associated device
- Diaphanoscopy / no directly assigned device
- Electroscope ( for detecting electrical charges )
- Gyroscope (= gyro compass)
- Microscopy / microscope
- Oscilloscope / oscilloscope
- Pyroscope (= pyrometer )
- Retroscopy / ambiguous (gynecology, criminalistics )
- Spectroscopy / Spectroscope
- Stethoscope / auscultation ( med.) And other applications
- Stereoscopy / stereoscope
- Thermoscope (historical thermometer)
- Vector copy / vectorscope