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Eckakroter at a historic villa in Rawicz (Poland)

The acroterion , also the acroter (also outdated the acrotery ; plural acroteria , acroteria , acrotere , in the field of art history also acroterion , ancient Greek τὸ ἀκρωτήριον akrotérion "top corner, tip") serves as an architectural element of the crowning of the gable ridge at the gable corners , then called Eckakroter ( acroteria angularia ).

Description, use

The acroterion is common in ancient Greek, Etruscan and Roman temple architecture and on grave stelae.

Acroterion - front and side views
Architectural drawing from 1879 of Villa Nizzastraße 11 and Villa Agnes , Oberlößnitz
Villa Agnes, garden side in the south
Acroteria on the roofing of the windows on the classical Großer Blumenberg in Leipzig

Initially a circular disc made of painted clay ( disc acroter ), for example at the Heraion in Olympia , the acroterion was developed more and more ornamentally and plastically, mostly using plant motifs such as acanthus or palmette . In addition to fully plastic acroteries in the form of vases , tripods or mythical animals such as the griffin and the sphinx , human figures - such as Niken , riding Amazons  - also appear as acroterion. Examples of the decoration of ancient buildings with acroteries are the archaic Temple of Apollo in Delphi or the Temple of Asclepius in Epidaurus . In ancient times Akroteria were - as other architectural elements also - polychrome decorated, that is colored in focus . The acroterion always sits on a box that balances the sloping roof, the acroter box.

Etruscan acroters were partly decorated with figures.

The acroterion was also a common element of ornamentation in architecture in the Renaissance , Classicism and Historicism . It was by no means limited to public buildings or even immediate buildings , but was also used in profane architecture.

See also


Web links

Commons : Akroterion  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Marilyn Y. Goldberg: The “Eos and Cephalos” from Caere: its Subject and Date. In: American Journal of Archeology , 91, 1987, 4, pp. 605-614